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The Finnish Developmental State and its Growth Regime

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  • Jantti, Markus
  • Vartiainen, Juhana

Abstract

This paper reviews Finland.s growth strategy in the postwar decades. Finland was able to initiate an impressive mobilization of resources during this period, reflected mostly in a high rate of capital accumulation for manufacturing industries. This was achieved by an unorthodox combination of dirigiste means and a basic commitment to upholding the market economy. The state acted as a net saver, and credit was rationed to productive investment outlays. This policy package may have been boosted by the country.s precarious international position during the cold war, so that an economic failure would have been very risky indeed. We argue also that incomes policies and welfare reforms were important in sustaining the necessary political compromise that underpinned the Finnish development state.

Suggested Citation

  • Jantti, Markus & Vartiainen, Juhana, 2009. "The Finnish Developmental State and its Growth Regime," WIDER Working Paper Series 035, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2009-35
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    File URL: http://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/RP2009-35.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Andersen, Torben M. & Holmström, Bengt & Honkapohja, Seppo & Korkman, Sixten & Söderström Hans Tson, & Vartiainen, Juhana, . "The Nordic Model. Embracing globalization and sharing risks," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 232.
    2. J.C.R. Dow, 1964. "The Management of the British Economy 1945-60," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 28(1), pages 74-74, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Notermans Ton, 2015. "The EU's Convergence Dilemma," Baltic Journal of European Studies, De Gruyter Open, vol. 5(1), pages 36-55, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic growth; incomes policy; income distribution; labour unions; structural transformation; social contacts; developmental state;

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