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The economic importance and impacts of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in Sudan


  • Nour, Samia Satti Osman Mohamed

    () (Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, Khartoum University, and UNU-MERIT/MGSoG)


This paper explains the importance of IPRs and examines the factors hindering and those contributing toward enhancing IPRs in Sudan. We find that the inadequacy of IPRs protection in Sudan is attributed to low integration in the international institutions, lack of legal issues, lack of government concern, lack of private sector concern, weak institutions setting, lack of public awareness, lack of resources, weak culture for IPRs, lack of cooperation between universities and industry and lack of coordination. The inadequate IPRs protection in Sudan leads to poor national system of innovation, hindering FDI and hindering transfer of technology. The factors contributing toward enhancing IPRs in Sudan include promotion of adequate IPRs legislations and enforcement; planning, commitment to international IPRs agreements; finance, investment and resources; social partnership to encourage IPRs protection, government concern, private sector concern, public awareness, cooperation between universities and industry, institutions setting, coordination and culture for IPRs protection.

Suggested Citation

  • Nour, Samia Satti Osman Mohamed, 2013. "The economic importance and impacts of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in Sudan," MERIT Working Papers 014, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2013014

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Emmanuel Duguet & Claire Lelarge, 2012. "Does Patenting Increase the Private Incentives to Innovate? A Microeconometric Analysis," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 107-108, pages 201-238.
    2. Nour, Samia Satti O. M., 2005. "Science and Technology Development Indicators in the Arab Region: A Comparative Study of Gulf and Mediterranean Arab Countries," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 03, United Nations University - INTECH.
    3. Mazzoleni, Roberto & Nelson, Richard R., 1998. "The benefits and costs of strong patent protection: a contribution to the current debate," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 273-284, July.
    4. Sunil Kanwar, 2006. "Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights," Working papers 142, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
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    More about this item


    IPRs; economic importance; economic impacts; Sudan; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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