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Economic stagnation in Weimar Germany: A structuralist perspective

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  • Block, Thorsten

    (MERIT)

Abstract

Mexico and Argentina in the 1990s as well as Weimar Germany in the 1920s implemented similar exchange-rate-based stabilization programs which were successful in stopping inflation, but failed to generate the domestic savings and investment rates necessary for a sustainable growth path. It is argued that in both cases substantial foreign capital inflows were attracted by a stable nominal exchange rate and high interest rates, which alleviated the distributional struggle driving high inflation. However, this incentive structure caused a profit squeeze in the tradable goods sector due to an appreciating real exchange rate precipitating the ultimate collapse of the programs.

Suggested Citation

  • Block, Thorsten, 2001. "Economic stagnation in Weimar Germany: A structuralist perspective," Research Memorandum 025, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:umamer:2001025
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    File URL: https://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/rmpdf/2001/rm2001-025.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thomas J. Sargent, 1982. "The Ends of Four Big Inflations," NBER Chapters,in: Inflation: Causes and Effects, pages 41-98 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 27-48, Fall.
    3. Gabriel Palma, 2000. "The Magical Realism of Brazilian Economics: How to Create a Financial Crisis by Trying to Avoid One," SCEPA working paper series. SCEPA's main areas of research are macroeconomic policy, inequality and poverty, and globalization. 2000-16, Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School.
    4. Sergio Rebelo & Carlos A. Vegh, 1995. "Real Effects of Exchange-Rate-Based Stabilization: An Analysis of Competing Theories," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1995, Volume 10, pages 125-188 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Voth, Hans-Joachim, 1995. "Did High Wages or High Interest Rates Bring Down the Weimar Republic? A Cointegration Model of Investment in Germany, 1925–1930," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 55(04), pages 801-821, December.
    6. Kindleberger, Charles P., 1993. "A Financial History of Western Europe," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 2, number 9780195077384.
    7. Rudiger Dornbusch & Alejandro Werner, 1994. "Mexico: Stabilization, Reform, and No Growth," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 25(1), pages 253-316.
    8. Chisari, Omar O. & Fanelli, JoseMaria & Frenkel, Roberto, 1996. "Argentina: Growth resumption, sustainability, and environment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 227-240, February.
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    economics of technology ;

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