IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Equilibrium Non-Panic Bank Failures

  • Carmona, Guilherme
  • Leoni, Patrick

We observe many episodes in which a large number of people attempt to withdraw their deposits from a bank, forcing it to suspend withdrawals or even to fail. In contrast with the view that those episodes are driven by consumers panic or sunspots, we propose to explain them as a consequence of the conjunction of lack of full back up of deposits by banks, and of an unexpectedly high fraction of withdrawers. We validate this view in a version of the standard Diamond and Dybvig [8] model, in which the fraction of impatient consumers is drawn stochastically according to a continuous density function, by showing that: (1) when banks are not allowed to suspend payments, in every symmetric equilibrium where agents deposit banks fail with strictly positive probability, and (2) in every such equilibrium, failure occurs whereas patient consumers find it optimal not to withdraw early. Moreover, we obtain similar results when banks are allowed to suspend payments, and we show that consumers ex-ante welfare is strictly higher compared to when banks cannot suspend payments. Our contribution is therefore two-fold: (1) bank failures driven by large withdrawals can be explained by any fundamental shock that leads to an high fraction of withdrawers, and (2) suspension of payments might be a critical part of the protection of the banking system.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://fesrvsd.fe.unl.pt/WPFEUNL/WP2003/wp424.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia in its series FEUNL Working Paper Series with number wp424.

as
in new window

Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:unl:unlfep:wp424
Contact details of provider: Postal: Campus de Campolide, 1099-032 Lisboa
Phone: (351) 21 3801638
Fax: (351) 21 3870933
Web page: http://www.fe.unl.ptEmail:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Edward J. Green, 1995. "Implementing Efficient Allocations in a Model of Financial Intermediation," Meeting papers 9506001, EconWPA.
  2. Jacklin, Charles J & Bhattacharya, Sudipto, 1988. "Distinguishing Panics and Information-Based Bank Runs: Welfare and Policy Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(3), pages 568-92, June.
  3. Peck, James & Shell, Karl, 2001. "Equilibrium Bank Runs," Working Papers 01-10r, Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics.
  4. V.V. Chari & Ravi Jagannathan, 1984. "Banking Panics," Discussion Papers 618, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  5. Chari, V V & Jagannathan, Ravi, 1988. " Banking Panics, Information, and Rational Expectations Equilibrium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(3), pages 749-61, July.
  6. Carmona, Guilherme, 2002. "Monetary Trading: An Optimal Exchange System," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp420, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
  7. S. Rao Aiyagari, 1988. "Banking panics, information, and rational expectations equilibrium," Working Papers 320, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  8. Bernardino Adao & Ted Temzelides, 1998. "Sequential Equilibrium and Competition in a Diamond-Dybvig Banking Model," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 1(4), pages 859-877, October.
  9. Neil Wallace, 1990. "A banking model in which partial suspension is best," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Fall, pages 11-23.
  10. Postlewaite, Andrew & Vives, Xavier, 1987. "Bank Runs as an Equilibrium Phenomenon," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(3), pages 485-91, June.
  11. Diamond, Douglas W & Dybvig, Philip H, 1983. "Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(3), pages 401-19, June.
  12. Edward J. Green & Ping Lin, 2000. "Diamond and Dybvig's classic theory of financial intermediation : what's missing?," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Win, pages 3-13.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:unl:unlfep:wp424. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sean Story)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.