Elasticidad intertemporal y no compensada de la oferta laboral. Evidencia para el caso uruguayo
This research estimates the impact of wages onlabor supply decision in Uruguay considering the extensive and intensive margins, with particular emphasis on female supply. We used the specifications and econometric techniques proposed in Blundel and MaCurdy (1999) and Pencavel (2002) toestimate the supply elasticity over the life cycle (intertemporal elasticity)and the labor supply elasticity responses to parametric changes in the wage profile (uncompensated elasticity). This issue, which has a long history in international and regional literature, has received less attention in the national context, particularly in the case of female labor supply. This topic is relevant for a better understanding of recent changes in decisions to participate in the labor market in Uruguay and because of the policy implications arising from the distinction between both elasticities. The result confirm the regardless of educational level, the participation of the younger cohorts of women in the labor market has increased. Also there found differences in the magnituds between intertemporal and uncompensated elasticitis with a higher substitution effect for women. Finally, heterogeneous behaviors are verified within female population and the different trends relative to decisions on the intensive and extensive margins.
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