Regional patterns of employment changes of less-educated men in Japan: 1990-2007
We investigate regional patterns in employment of less-educated men in Japan from 1990 to 2007. The employment-population ratio of junior high school graduate men (9 years of compulsory schooling) decreased from 1990 to 2007. Wage growth across regions had a unique pattern during this period: it was high in the low-wage regions in the 1990s but high in the high-wage regions in the 2000s. We use these regional variations in wage growth to identify the labor supply elasticity of less-educated men. The estimated elasticity of the employment-to-population ratio of junior high school graduate men is around 0.15.
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