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Psychological pressure in competitive environments: Evidence from a randomized natural experiment: Comment, Second Version

Listed author(s):
  • Martin Kocher


    (School of Economics, University of East Anglia)

  • Marc V. Lenz

    (University of Cologne)

  • Matthias Sutter


    (University of Innsbruck, University of Gothenburg, and IZA Bonn)

Apesteguia and Palacios-Huerta (APH, forthcoming) report for a sample of 129 soccer penalty shootouts from various seasons in ten different tournaments that teams kicking first win significantly more often than teams kicking second by a margin of 21 percentage points. Collecting data for 470 shootouts, including all of APH's shootouts, we cannot replicate their result. Teams kicking first win 53.4% of shootouts, which is not significantly different from the a priori expected 50%. Our finding implies that (1) APH's results are not generally robust; (2) using selective subsamples without a coherent criterion for data inclusion might lead to non-representative results.

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Paper provided by School of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK. in its series University of East Anglia Applied and Financial Economics Working Paper Series with number 015.

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Date of creation: 19 Sep 2010
Handle: RePEc:uea:aepppr:2010_15
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Order Information: Postal: Jessica Pointer, School of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK

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  1. John Wooders, 2010. "Does Experience Teach? Professionals and Minimax Play in the Lab," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(3), pages 1143-1154, May.
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