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Develando econométricamente los impactos del Transantiago en la contaminación atmosférica de Santiago de Chile

Listed author(s):
  • Eugenio Figueroa
  • Andrés Gómez-Lobo
  • Pablo Jorquera
  • Felipe Labrín

Este trabajo estima el impacto que tuvo la reforma integral del sistema de transporte público en Santiago de Chile, denominada Transantiago, sobre la contaminación atmosférica en dicha ciudad. Un aporte del trabajo es que muestra cómo, utilizando un modelo econométrico y datos diarios de contaminación, develar técnicamente los impactos ambientales de un programa público que son difíciles de aislar y medir por la existencia de algunas variables confundentes. Se concluye que el Transantiago disminuyó en 3,9 µg/m3 el promedio diario de concentraciones de MP10 en la ciudad, provocando un ahorro que se estima en US$ 200 millones al año en el escenario medio, de los cuales un 12% corresponden al ahorro de gastos en atenciones públicas de salud.

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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp355.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2012
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp355
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  1. Francisco Gallego & Juan-Pablo Montero & Christian Salas, 2011. "The Effect of Transport Policies on Car Use: Theory and Evidence from Latin American Cities," Documentos de Trabajo 407, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  2. Martin Gassebner & Michael J. Lamla & Jan-Egbert Sturm, 2011. "Determinants of pollution: what do we really know?," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(3), pages 568-595, July.
  3. Judson, Ruth A. & Owen, Ann L., 1999. "Estimating dynamic panel data models: a guide for macroeconomists," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 9-15, October.
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