Bounded Memory, Reputation, and Impatience
Reputation models typically assume players have full memory, yet in many applications this does not hold. This paper studies incomplete information games where players observe only finitely many recent periods, deriving a recursive characterization of the equilibrium payoff set that captures both stationary and previously unexplored non-stationary equilibria, as well as tools for studying purifiable (i.e. robust to payoff perturbations) equilibria. These tools are applied to a product choice game. For 1-period memory, I obtain the exact minimum and maximum purifiable equilibrium payoffs for almost all discount factors and prior beliefs on an "honest" firm type. For long memory, I characterize the minimum purifiable non-stationary equilibrium payoff and unique stationary payoff. In both cases, incomplete information and non-stationary behavior qualitatively change the equilibrium payoff set. These results hold for fixed discount factors independent of prior beliefs, and so do not require extreme patience.
|Date of creation:||Mar 2016|
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- Liu, Qingmin & Skrzypacz, Andrzej, 2014. "Limited records and reputation bubbles," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 2-29.
- Doraszelski, Ulrich & Escobar, Juan, 2010.
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- Juan Escobar & Ulrich Doraszelski, 2008. "A Theory of Regular Markov Perfect Equilibria\\in Dynamic Stochastic Games: Genericity, Stability, and Purification," 2008 Meeting Papers 453, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- Doraszelski, Ulrich & Escobar, Juan, 2008. "A Theory of Regular Markov Perfect Equilibria in Dynamic Stochastic Games: Genericity, Stability, and Purification," CEPR Discussion Papers 6805, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Monte, Daniel, 2013. "Bounded memory and permanent reputations," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(5), pages 345-354.
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- Mehmet Ekmekci, 2010. "Sustainable Reputations with Rating Systems," Discussion Papers 1505, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
- Benjamin Sperisen, 2015. "Bad Reputation under Bounded and Fading Memory," Working Papers 1527, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
- Abreu, Dilip & Pearce, David & Stacchetti, Ennio, 1990. "Toward a Theory of Discounted Repeated Games with Imperfect Monitoring," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(5), pages 1041-1063, September.
- Jeffrey C. Ely & Johannes Hörner & Wojciech Olszewski, 2005. "Belief-Free Equilibria in Repeated Games," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 377-415, 03.
- Jeffrey C. Ely & Johannes Horner & Wojciech Olszewski, 2003. "Belief-free Equilibria in Repeated Games," Levine's Working Paper Archive 666156000000000367, David K. Levine.
- Mailath, George J. & Samuelson, Larry, 2006. "Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195300796.
- Barlo, Mehmet & Carmona, Guilherme & Sabourian, Hamid, 2009. "Repeated games with one-memory," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 144(1), pages 312-336, January. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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