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Trade Policy in Majoritarian Systems: The Case of the U.S

  • Per G. Fredriksson
  • Xenia Matschke
  • Jenny Minier

We provide a theory of trade policy determination that incorporates the protectionist bias inherent in majoritarian systems, suggested by Grossman and Helpman (2005). The prediction that emerges is that in majoritarian systems, the majority party favors industries located disproportionately in majority districts. We test this prediction using U.S. data on tariffs, Congressional campaign contributions, and industry location in districts represented by the majority party over the period 1989-97. We find evidence of a significant majority bias in trade policy: the benefit to being represented by the majority party appears at least as large in magnitude as the benefit to lobbying.

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File URL: http://www.uni-trier.de/fileadmin/fb4/prof/VWL/EWF/Research_Papers/2011-01.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Trier, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers in Economics with number 2011-01.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:trr:wpaper:201101
Contact details of provider: Postal: B IV, VWL, D-54286 Trier
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Web page: http://www.uni-trier.de/index.php?id=2118

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