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Income Inequality and Growth Volatility

  • László Kónya

    ()

    (School of Economics, La Trobe University)

  • Chris Mouratidis

    (Victorian Department of Treasury and Finance)

The aim of this paper is to study the potentially simultaneous relationship between income inequality and growth volatility for seventy countries between 1960 and 2002. We start with the revision of the relevant literature, with special regards to the papers that most strongly motivated our research, Iyigun and Owen (2004) and Breen and Garcia-Pealosa (2004). Then, we perform two types of analysis; a cross-sectional analysis based on country averages of all available annual observations, and a panel-data analysis with fixed effects based on 6 - year averages. The cross-sectional and panel estimation results are markedly different. In the first case, there seems to be a mutual relationship between inequality and volatility across countries, but several significant coefficients have illogical signs. In the second case, there is no evidence of simultaneity within a country; inequality seems to be influenced by volatility, but inequality does not have a direct effect on volatility. Given the limitations of the cross- sectional analysis, we believe that the simultaneous relationship found in the cross-sectional model is rather spurious than real.

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File URL: http://www.latrobe.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/130892/2005.01.pdf
File Function: First version, 2005.01.pdf
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Paper provided by School of Economics, La Trobe University in its series Working Papers with number 2005.01.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:trb:wpaper:2005.01
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.latrobe.edu.au/economics

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  1. Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia & Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10091, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Garey Ramey & Valerie A. Ramey, 1994. "Cross-Country Evidence on the Link Between Volatility and Growth," NBER Working Papers 4959, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1994. "Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 600-621, June.
  4. Barro, Robert J, 2000. " Inequality and Growth in a Panel of Countries," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 5-32, March.
  5. Alberto Alesina & Dani Rodrik, 1991. "Distributive Politics and Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3668, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Philippe Aghion & Abhijit Banerjee & Thomas Piketty, 1999. "Dualism And Macroeconomic Volatility," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1359-1397, November.
  7. repec:att:wimass:9327 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Stephen Turnovsky, 2003. "Production Risk and the Functional Distribution of Income in a Developing Economy: Tradeoffs and Policy Responses," Working Papers UWEC-2002-07-P, University of Washington, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2003.
  9. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1989. "Testing for Consistency using Artificial Regressions," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(03), pages 363-384, December.
  10. Stephen Zeldes, . "Consumption and Liquidity Constraints: An Empirical Investigation," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 24-85, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
  11. Galor, Oded & Zeira, Joseph, 1988. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," MPRA Paper 51644, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Sep 1989.
  12. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," CID Working Papers 42, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
  13. Kristin J. Forbes, 2000. "A Reassessment of the Relationship between Inequality and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 869-887, September.
  14. Bruno, Michael & Easterly, William, 1998. "Inflation crises and long-run growth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 3-26, February.
  15. Checchi, Daniele & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2004. "Risk and the distribution of human capital," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 53-61, January.
  16. Perotti, Roberto & Alesina, Alberto, 1996. "Income Distribution, Political Instability, and Investment," Scholarly Articles 4553018, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  17. Alberto Alesina & Roberto Perotti, 1993. "Income Distribution, Political Instability, and Investment," NBER Working Papers 4486, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Durlauf, Steven N., 1994. "Spillovers, stratification, and inequality," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 836-845, April.
  19. Caroli, Eve & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2002. "Risk aversion and rising wage inequality," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 21-26, September.
  20. Banerjee, Abhijit V & Duflo, Esther, 2003. " Inequality and Growth: What Can the Data Say?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 267-99, September.
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