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Consumption Risk-sharing within Australia and with New Zealand

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  • Kim, David
  • Sheen, Jeffrey

Abstract

quantify how output risks are smoothed within Australia, and between Australia and New Zealand. About 85 percent of shocks were smoothed within Australia through credit and capital markets, with fiscal policy a source of dis-smoothing after 1992. Risk-sharing between Australia and New Zealand was greater than within Europe, occurring mostly through credit markets. With fully integrated financial markets between Australia and New Zealand since 1960, the average welfare gain would be 2.7 percent of certainty-equivalent consumption over 50 years, although these gains favour New Zealand. Australia's gains are from the pooling of PPP risks. These potential gains were largely resolved by the deregulations and CER trade agreement of the early198 0s.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, David & Sheen, Jeffrey, 2005. "Consumption Risk-sharing within Australia and with New Zealand," Working Papers 6, University of Sydney, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:syd:wpaper:2123/7637
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    Cited by:

    1. Boyle, Glenn, 2009. "Capital Market Integration: A Review of the Issues and an Assessment of New Zealand's Position," Working Paper Series 4034, Victoria University of Wellington, The New Zealand Institute for the Study of Competition and Regulation.
    2. Balli, Faruk & Rana, Faisal, 2015. "Determinants of risk sharing through remittances," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 107-116.
    3. Kim, David, 2007. "An East Asian currency union?: The empirical nature of macroeconomic shocks in East Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 847-866, December.
    4. Faruk Balli & Faisal Rana, 2014. "Determinants of risk sharing through remittances: cross-country evidence," CAMA Working Papers 2014-12, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    5. Balli, Faruk & Balli, Hatice O., 2011. "Income and consumption smoothing and welfare gains across Pacific Island Countries: The role of remittances and foreign aid," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1642-1649, July.
    6. Barbara Pfeffer, 2008. "Do regional Trade and Specialization drive intra-regional Risk-Sharing?," MAGKS Papers on Economics 200813, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).

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