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Learning, Political Attitudes and the Crisis in Transition Countries

Author

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  • Pauline Grosjean

    () (School of Economics, The University of New South Wales)

  • Frantisek Ricka

    (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development)

  • Claudia Senik

    (Paris School of Economics)

Abstract

We estimate the impact of the recent economic crisis on support for democracy and a free market economy in 30 post transition countries and five western European countries. Political values are cyclical and reflect a learning process. Support for the market and democracy has decreased between 2006 and 2010 in countries that were hit the hardest and that were the most advanced on the path to liberal reform, and notably new EU members. By contrast, it has increased in the CIS. This last result is driven by the young and unemployed. Although individual exposure to the crisis is associated with lower average support to democracy and markets, it leads these segments of the population, which were most excluded from the political-economic system in place to demand more liberal reforms in countries with corrupt institutions and that lag behind in terms of economic and political reform. We rely on individual level, within-country variation and on the use of a large set of individual controls in order to identify the causal effect of the economic crisis on political attitudes.

Suggested Citation

  • Pauline Grosjean & Frantisek Ricka & Claudia Senik, 2011. "Learning, Political Attitudes and the Crisis in Transition Countries," Discussion Papers 2011-16, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  • Handle: RePEc:swe:wpaper:2011-16
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    File URL: http://research.economics.unsw.edu.au/RePEc/papers/2011-16.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Irina Denisova & Markus Eller & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2010. "What do Russians think about transition?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 18(2), pages 249-280, April.
    2. Betsey Stevenson & Justin Wolfers, 2011. "Trust in Public Institutions over the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(3), pages 281-287, May.
    3. Augustin Landier & David Thesmar & Mathias Thoenig, 2008. "Investigating capitalism aversion," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 23, pages 465-497, July.
    4. Rodrik, Dani, 1999. "Where Did All the Growth Go? External Shocks, Social Conflict, and Growth Collapses," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 4(4), pages 385-412, December.
    5. Grosfeld, Irena & Senik, Claudia, 2008. "The Emerging Aversion to Inequality. Evidence from Poland 1992-2005," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 0805, CEPREMAP.
    6. Paolo Pinotti, 2012. "Trust, Regulation and Market Failures," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(3), pages 650-658, August.
    7. Alberto Alesina & Nicola Fuchs-Schundeln, 2005. "Good bye Lenin (or not?): The effect of Communism on people's preferences," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2076, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    8. Francisco J. Buera & Alexander Monge‐Naranjo & Giorgio E. Primiceri, 2011. "Learning the Wealth of Nations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 79(1), pages 1-45, January.
    9. Raj M. Desai & Anders Olofsgård, 2006. "Political Constraints and Public Support for Market Reform," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(si), pages 1-5.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sangnier, Marc & Zylberberg, Yanos, 2017. "Protests and trust in the state: Evidence from African countries," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 152(C), pages 55-67.
    2. Afandi, Elvin & Habibov, Nazim, 2013. "Pre-Crisis and Post-Crisis Trust in Banks: Lessons from Transitional Countries," MPRA Paper 46999, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crisis; cycles; corruption; learning; political preferences;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • P26 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Political Economy

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