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Growing Up in a War: The Shaping of Trust and Identity After Conflict in Peru

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  • Edgar Salgado Chavez

    () (Department of Economics, University of Sussex)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the effect of conflict over the formation of trust and identity. It finds that Peruvian individuals exposed to violent events during their impressionable years trust less government institutions, and feel less identified with their neighbors, while more identified with religious groups. The effect on identification is heterogeneous by the indigenous origin of the individuals. Individuals who own an agricultural plot embedded in a communal arrangement at the local level exhibit even smaller levels of identification with their local neighbours while higher levels of identification with their ethnic group. In line with recent literature, these findings suggest that conflict has a small but persistent effect on the formation of trust and identity, which is a central feature to understand the interaction between culture and institutions, and ultimately to understand the persistent consequences of wars.

Suggested Citation

  • Edgar Salgado Chavez, 2018. "Growing Up in a War: The Shaping of Trust and Identity After Conflict in Peru," Working Paper Series 0618, Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:sus:susewp:0618
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    File URL: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/economics/documents/wps-06-2018.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. I. B. J. Goudie & M. Goudie, 2007. "Who captures the marks for the Petersen estimator?," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 170(3), pages 825-839, July.
    2. Paola Giuliano & Antonio Spilimbergo, 2014. "Growing up in a Recession," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 81(2), pages 787-817.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    beliefs; conflict; identity;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • P26 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Political Economy

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