Adopting a 'high-tech' policy in a 'low-tech' industry. The case of aquaculture
Low-tech industries, usually defined as industries with a low R&D component, constitute an essential part of the economy in several countries. Providing knowledge on how these industries may sustain economic growth and welfare in the future, therefore represent a key policy issue. In this article a network approach to technical change is applied. The socio-economic trajectory followed by one of the fastest growing low-tech sectors in the Norwegian economy is studied. This path has been shaped by core capabilities in the Norwegian technology infrastructure, and by fundamental changes in governmental policies. It is shown that the increasing competitiveness of the aquaculture industry has gone hand in hand with an increased ability to transform and assimilate very advanced technologies generated within other sectors of the economy. The ability to assimilate such products has been enhanced both by governmental policies and by a dramatic increase in the market concentration ratio within the aquaculture industry.
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- Keith Smith, "undated". "New directions in research and technology policy: Identifying the key issues," STEP Report series 199401, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
- van Hulst, Noe & Olds, Beverly, 1993. "On high tech snobbery," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 22(5-6), pages 455-462, November.
- Rosenberg,Nathan, 1994. "Exploring the Black Box," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521459556, December.
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