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Reactions a la liberalisation des echanges : changements observes au niveau de la diversification des produits dans les usines sous controle etranger et canadien

  • Gu, Wulong
  • Caves, Richard
  • Baldwin, John R.

La presente etude porte sur les avantages qu'un pays qui conclut un accord commercial regional, particulierement un petit pays, peut s'attendre a tirer de l'exploitation d'economies d'echelle. Notre etude porte sur l'experience du Canada lors de son adhesion a l'Accord de libre echange entre le Canada et les Etats-Unis (ALE) au debut des annees 90. Nous constatons une augmentation generale du rythme de specialisation des produits au niveau des usines a l'epoque de l'entree en vigueur de l'Accord de libre echange. La diversification de la production etait alors plus elevee dans les usines plus grandes et dans les industries ayant des actifs associes a des economies de gamme. La diversification etait plus elevee egalement dans les industries dans lesquelles les taux de protection tarifaire etaient plus eleves. Au cours des annees 80 et 90, la diversification des usines a diminue au fur et a mesure des reductions des tarifs americains et canadiens. La baisse a ete plus marquee durant la periode qui a suivi l'entree en vigueur de l'ALE, ce qui donne a penser que ce traite a eu des repercussions au dela de celles des reductions tarifaires qui y etaient associees. Nous avons conclu egalement que les usines sous controle etranger avaient tendance a s'adapter davantage tout au long de la periode etudiee.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2005031f.

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Date of creation: 24 Mar 2005
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2005031f
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  1. MacDonald, James M, 1985. "R and D and the Directions of Diversification," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(4), pages 583-90, November.
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  12. Feinberg, Robert M, 1985. ""Sales-at-Risk": A Test of the Mutual Forebearance Theory of Conglomerate Behavior," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 58(2), pages 225-41, April.
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  16. Baldwin, John R. & Raffiquzzaman, Mohammed, 1995. "Restructuration du secteur manufacturier canadien de 1970 a 1990 : renouvellement de l'emploi selon le secteur industriel et la region," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1995078f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  17. Jacquemin, Alexis P & Berry, Charles H, 1979. "Entropy Measure of Diversification and Corporate Growth," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(4), pages 359-69, June.
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