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Population Movement into and out of Canada's Immigrant Gateway Cities: A Comparative Study of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver


  • Bourne, Larry S.
  • Hou, Feng


This study examines trends in the internal migration of the Canadian-born and long-term immigrants into and out of Canada's three largest metropolitan areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Bourne, Larry S. & Hou, Feng, 2004. "Population Movement into and out of Canada's Immigrant Gateway Cities: A Comparative Study of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2004229e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3e:2004229e

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. A.G. Champion, 1994. "International Migration and Demographic Change in the Developed World," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 31(4-5), pages 653-677, May.
    2. John DiNardo & David Card, 2000. "Do Immigrant Inflows Lead to Native Outflows?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 360-367, May.
    3. Card, David, 2001. "Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(1), pages 22-64, January.
    4. W.H Frey, 2002. "A history of recent urban development in the United States," Chapters,in: International Handbook of Urban Systems, chapter 14 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. E G Moore & M W Rosenberg, 1995. "Modelling migration flows of immigrant groups in Canada," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(5), pages 699-714, May.
    6. Randall Filer, 1992. "The Effect of Immigrant Arrivals on Migratory Patterns of Native Workers," NBER Chapters,in: Immigration and the Workforce: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas, pages 245-270 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Bartel, Ann P, 1989. "Where Do the New U.S. Immigrants Live?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 7(4), pages 371-391, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yigit Aydede, 2017. "Immigration and location choices of native-born workers in Canada," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96, pages 113-134, March.
    2. Karen M. King, 2011. "Technology, Talent and Tolerance and Inter-regional Migration in Canada," Chapters,in: Handbook of Creative Cities, chapter 9 Edward Elgar Publishing.


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