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Incomes Policies and the Norwegian Economy 1973-93

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Abstract

During the second half of the 1970s there was massive government interference in wage and price formation in Norway. Incomes policies changed in the first half of the 1980s - the hey days of "dynamic tax policies" in Norway - and during the second half of the 1980s new direct interventions in wage formation were implemented. These episodes of incomes policies are discussed and their empirical importance is assessed in the econometric price and wage equations of a large scale macroeconometric model of the Norwegian economy. Model simulations show that while price regulations generally led to an expansion of output and loss of cost competitiveness, wage regulation produced both output expansion and gain in competitiveness. The dynamic tax policy implemented in Norway was less successful and led to both higher prices and wages as well as lower output.

Suggested Citation

  • Einar Bowitz & Ådne Cappelen, 1997. "Incomes Policies and the Norwegian Economy 1973-93," Discussion Papers 192, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:192
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    File URL: https://www.ssb.no/a/publikasjoner/pdf/DP/dp-192.pdf
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    1. Pål Boug & Knut Anton Mork & Trond Tjemsland, 1995. "Financial Deregulation and Consumer Behavior: the Norwegian Experience," Discussion Papers 156, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    2. Aaberge, Rolf, et al, 2002. "Income Inequality and Income Mobility in the Scandinavian Countries Compared to the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(4), pages 443-469, December.
    3. Rolf Aaberge & Ugo Colombino & Steinar Strøm, 1996. "Welfare Effects of Proportional Taxation: Empirical Evidence from Italy, Norway and Sweden," Discussion Papers 171, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    4. Elin Berg & Snorre Kverndokk & Knut Einar Rosendahl, 1996. "Market Power, International CO2 Taxation and Petroleum Wealth," Discussion Papers 170, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Incomes policies; macroeconomic models.;

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining

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