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Indicators for Complex Innovation Systems

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Abstract

Innovation systems are complex systems that can exhibit scaling and emergent properties. Predictable and measurable scaling correlations exist between measures commonly used to characterize innovation systems and national economies. This paper examines scaling relationships between GERD & GDP and between GDP & population and uses them to construct scale-independent indicators of the European and Canadian innovation systems. It discusses the theory and practice of building scale- independent indicators and scale-independent models. The theory is based on knowledge gathered from the study of complex systems. The practice is illustrated using OECD and Statistics Canada data commonly used to construct conventional indicators.

Suggested Citation

  • Sylvan Katz, 2005. "Indicators for Complex Innovation Systems," SPRU Working Paper Series 134, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  • Handle: RePEc:sru:ssewps:134
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    File URL: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/spru/documents/sewp134.pdf
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    1. H. E. Stanley & V. Plerou, 2001. "Scaling and universality in economics: empirical results and theoretical interpretation," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, pages 563-567.
    2. Barabási, Albert-László & Ravasz, Erzsébet & Vicsek, Tamás, 2001. "Deterministic scale-free networks," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 299(3), pages 559-564.
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    Cited by:

    1. Beckstead, Desmond & Gellatly, Guy, 2006. "Capacites d'innovation : l'emploi en sciences et en genie au Canada et aux Etats-Unis," L'economie canadienne en transition 2006011f, Statistics Canada, Division de l'analyse economique.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    complex system; scaling; power law; emergent properties; innovation; innovation system; indicators; scale-independent; model;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts

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    1. Socio-Economics of Innovation

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