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Promouvoir la croissance en Europe : vérités et mystifications. Critique du rapport d'A. Sapir présenté à la Commission européenne en juillet 2003 : 'An Agenda for a Growing Europe. Making the EU Economic System Deliver'

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  • Jean-Luc Gaffard

Abstract

Le rapport pour la Commission européenne « An Agenda for a Growing Europe, Making the EU Economic System Deliver » propose un diagnostic de la situation européenne qui repose sur la distinction entre deux régimes technologiques, l’un fondé sur l’imitation, l’autre sur l’innovation. L’un et l’autre sont censés requérir des institutions différentes pour permettre une croissance forte et stable. Le premier caractériserait des pays en phase de rattrapage et exigerait des arrangements de long terme entre les différents acteurs. Le second caractériserait des pays à la frontière du développement technologique et exigerait des institutions et des règles garantissant concurrence, flexibilité et sélection. Dans ce contexte, le blocage institutionnel dont souffrirait la plupart des pays de l’Union européenne aurait une double conséquence. Il expliquerait leur faible croissance et leur taux de chômage élevé. Il expliquerait, en outre, les conflits entre objectifs de croissance, de stabilité et de cohésion. Seules des réformes structurelles des marchés et du budget européen et la constitution d’autorités indépendantes en charge, chacune, d’un objectif unique, permettraient de constituer le système requis, fondé sur une dé-intégration des firmes, une plus grande mobilité dans et entre les firmes, une plus grande flexibilité des marchés de travail, un financement plus important par actions, un investissement plus élevé en R&D et en éducation (...).

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  • Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2003. "Promouvoir la croissance en Europe : vérités et mystifications. Critique du rapport d'A. Sapir présenté à la Commission européenne en juillet 2003 : 'An Agenda for a Growing Europe. Making the EU Econ," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6490, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6490
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2003. "Vertical Integration and Distance to Frontier," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 630-638, 04/05.
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    3. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2006. "Distance to Frontier, Selection, and Economic Growth," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(1), pages 37-74, March.
    4. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 2002. "Macroeconomic Fluctuations and the Timing of Labour Market Reforms," CEPR Discussion Papers 3646, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Hicks, John, 2017. "A Market Theory of Money," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198796237.
    6. Marie Amendola & Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2003. "Persistent unemployment and co-ordination issues: an evolutionary perspective," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 1-27, February.
    7. Nobuhiro Kiyotaki, 1988. "Multiple Expectational Equilibria Under Monopolistic Competition," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(4), pages 695-713.
    8. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 2002. "Some Thoughts on Macroeconomic Fluctuations and the Timing of Labor Market Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 611, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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