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Rendements croissants et structure spatiale des salaires en France

Listed author(s):
  • Sylvain Barde


La nouvelle économie géographique présente les « rendements croissants d’agglomération » comme une variable explicative privilégiée de la concentration spatiale de l’activité économique. Dans ce cadre théorique, ces rendements croissants découleraient d’une préférence pour la variété dans la consommation. Un des enjeux empiriques de la nouvelle économie géographique reste cependant l’estimation de leur taille. Nous cherchons à évaluer la présence de tels rendements croissants d’agglomération dans la structure spatiale des salaires français, en utilisant la méthodologie d’estimation développée pour le Royaume-Uni par Fingleton (2003). Le résultat central de notre étude est la présence statistiquement significative de rendements croissants d’agglomération sur les zones d’emploi françaises, du même ordre de grandeur que ceux trouvés par Fingleton. De plus, par rapport à l’analyse originale, nous montrons que l’analyse est peu sensible à la pondération des distances entre zones d’emploi, et que la prise en compte d’une plus grande dimension temporelle permet d’améliorer la significativité des résultats.

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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/6441.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2008, pp.179-201
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6441
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  1. Brakman, Steven & Garretsen, Harry & Schramm, Marc, 2006. "Putting new economic geography to the test: Free-ness of trade and agglomeration in the EU regions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 613-635, September.
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