IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/snd/wpaper/70.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Measuring Health Benefits from Air Pollution Reduction in Kathmandu Valley

Author

Listed:
  • Naveen Adhikari

Abstract

The study estimates the health benefits to individuals from a reduction in current air pollution levels to a safe level in the Kathmandu metropolitan and Lalitpur sub-metropolitan areas of the Kathmandu valley, Nepal. The study estimates a dose response function to capture the health effects of exposure to air pollution for the purpose of measuring the monetary benefits of reducing pollution to safe levels. Data for this study was collected over four seasons from 120 households (641 individuals) from three different locations in the study area. The findings suggest that the annual welfare gain to a representative individual in the city from a reduction in air pollution from the current average level of 255 g/m3 to a safe minimum level of 120 g/m3 is NRs 266 per annum (USD 3.70). Extrapolating to the total population of the two cities of Kathmandu and Lalitpur, a reduction in air pollution to meet safety standards would result in monetary benefits of NRs 315 million (USD 4.37 million) per year. A calculation of the health benefits that would accrue to the residents of the cities under consideration yields a discounted benefit that is as high as NRs 6085 million (USD 80.53 million) for the next 20 years.Key Words: Air Pollution, Human Health, Dose Response Function, Panel Data, Health Diary

Suggested Citation

  • Naveen Adhikari, "undated". "Measuring Health Benefits from Air Pollution Reduction in Kathmandu Valley," Working papers 70, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:snd:wpaper:70
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sandeeonline.org/uploads/documents/publication/983_PUB_Working_Paper_69_Naveen_Adhikari.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Adger, W. Neil & Luttrell, Cecilia, 2000. "Property rights and the utilisation of wetlands," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 75-89, October.
    2. Edella Schlager & Elinor Ostrom, 1992. "Property-Rights Regimes and Natural Resources: A Conceptual Analysis," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 68(3), pages 249-262.
    3. Kant, Shashi, 2000. "A dynamic approach to forest regimes in developing economies," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 287-300, February.
    4. Dayton-Johnson, Jeff, 2000. "Determinants of collective action on the local commons: a model with evidence from Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 181-208, June.
    5. Holden, Stein T. & Shiferaw, Bekele & Wik, Mette, 1998. "Poverty, market imperfections and time preferences: of relevance for environmental policy?," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(01), pages 105-130, February.
    6. Marc Jacobson & Joel De Castro & Vianca Aliaga & Julio Romero & MAllison Davis, 1998. "The Role of Tenure Security and Private Time Preference in Neotropical Deforestation," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 74(2), pages 162-170.
    7. Alexander Karaivanov, 2009. "Heterogeneity, returns to scale, and collective action," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 42(2), pages 771-807, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:snd:wpaper:70. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Anuradhak). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.