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Factor Taxation and Labor Supply In A Dynamic One-Sector Growth Model

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Abstract

This paper studies a class of AK-type growth models with public capital stock and elastic labor supply. The government taxes both factor incomes and conduct expenditure. To rationalize the taxation, government expenditure affects the productivity of private sectors. It shows the existence of a unique balanced-growth path, near which there is only a transitional dynamic path leading the economy toward it. While a higher capital tax rate reduces economic growth in the short run, the long-term growth effect is ambiguous, and this long-term growth effect remains ambiguous even if the level of tax rate is larger than the degree of government externality. A higher labor income tax rate has equally ambiguous growth effects both in the short and long runs. However, if the intertemporal elasticity of substitution for labor supply is small enough, a higher labor tax rate always lowers economic growth in the long run, despite the existence of productive government taxation.

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  • Been-Lon Chen, 2003. "Factor Taxation and Labor Supply In A Dynamic One-Sector Growth Model," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 03-A006, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Handle: RePEc:sin:wpaper:03-a006
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Been-Lon & Lu, Chia-Hui, 2013. "Optimal factor tax incidence in two-sector human capital-based models," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 75-94.
    2. T. Buyse & F. Heylen, 2012. "Leaving the empirical (battle)ground: Output and welfare effects of fiscal consolidation in general equilibrium," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 12/826, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    3. Chia-Hui Lu & Been-Lon Chen, 2015. "Optimal Capital Taxation in a Neoclassical Growth Model," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 17(2), pages 257-269, April.
    4. Long Xin & Pelloni Alessandra, 2011. "Welfare improving taxation on savings in a growth model," wp.comunite 0091, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
    5. Long, Xin & Pelloni, Alessandra, 2017. "Factor income taxation in a horizontal innovation model," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 154(C), pages 137-159.
    6. van Oudheusden, P., 2010. "Fiscal Policy Reforms and Dynamic Laffer Effects," Discussion Paper 2010-15, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    7. Lecca, Patrizio & McGregor, Peter G. & Swales, J. Kim, 2010. "Balanced Budget Government Spending in a Small Open Regional Economy," SIRE Discussion Papers 2010-68, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    8. Ho, Wai-Hong & Wang, Yong, 2009. "Capital Income Taxation Revisited: The Role of Information Asymmetry in the Credit Market," MPRA Paper 17040, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Pierre‐Richard Agénor, 2011. "Schooling and Public Capital in a Model of Endogenous Growth," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 78(309), pages 108-132, January.
    10. Hung-Ju Chen & Been-Lon Chen & Ping Wang, 2010. "Taxing Capital is Not a Bad Idea Indeed: The Role of Human Capital and Labor-Market Frictions," 2010 Meeting Papers 827, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    taxation; infrastructures; economic growth; transitional dynamics;

    JEL classification:

    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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