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From a conventional to a sustainable engineering design process: different shades of sustainability

Author

Listed:
  • Bruno Gagnon

    () (Faculte de Génie, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Roland Leduc

    () (Faculte de Génie, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Luc Savard

    () (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

Abstract

The challenge of realigning the present path of development on a sustainable trajectory is shared among all sectors of society, including engineering. To move towards a more sustainable practice of engineering, the design process needs to be modified in order for engineers to tackle the related issues in a structured manner. Such “sustainable design processes” (SDPs) are proposed in the recent literature. By reviewing conventional as well as sustainable design processes, this paper aims to identify the major differences between the former and the latter. Critical tasks missing from SDPs proposed so far are also pointed out, according to key observations emerging from the field of sustainability science. These tasks are then combined with contributions from reviewed SDPs into a novel integrated sustainable engineering design process (ISEDP). Instead of representing conventional and sustainable engineering as a dichotomy, this paper rather places both approaches on a continuum along which the engineer or an organization can position itself. For this purpose, a procedure based on the IESDP is proposed, allowing one to assess its progress towards sustainable engineering. The method reveals different shades of sustainability along six dimensions: (1) the structure of the design process; (2) the scope of sustainability issues considered; (3) the relevance of the indicators guiding the design; (4) the accuracy of the tools used to evaluate the indicators; (5) the potential improvements expected from the alternatives assessed when compared to conventional solutions; and (6) the approach to decision making.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno Gagnon & Roland Leduc & Luc Savard, 2010. "From a conventional to a sustainable engineering design process: different shades of sustainability," Cahiers de recherche 10-09, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:10-09
    as

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    File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-1009.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bruno Gagnon & Roland Leduc & Luc Savard, 2008. "Sustainable development in engineering: a review of principles and definition of a conceptual framework," Cahiers de recherche 08-18, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    2. Ness, Barry & Urbel-Piirsalu, Evelin & Anderberg, Stefan & Olsson, Lennart, 2007. "Categorising tools for sustainability assessment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 498-508, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Shashank Gupta & Srinivas Kota & Rajesh P. Mishra, 2016. "Modeling and evaluation of product quality at conceptual design stage," International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, Springer;The Society for Reliability, Engineering Quality and Operations Management (SREQOM),India, and Division of Operation and Maintenance, Lulea University of Technology, Sweden, vol. 7(1), pages 163-177, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Engineering; Sustainable development; Sustainability principles; Sustainability framework;

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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