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Trade and the Speed of Convergence

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  • E. Young Song

    () (Department of Economics, Sogang University)

Abstract

This paper derives a convergence equation for a world integrated by trade. We find that factor price equalization reduces the rate of income convergence among economies with identical preferences and identical technologies. This finding hold true both in neoclassical growth models and in endogenous growth models with human capital accumulation. The integrated world model can explain low rates of convergence frequently observed in empirical studies without resorting to a large income share of capital, constraints on international borrowing, or adjustment costs in investment.

Suggested Citation

  • E. Young Song, 2010. "Trade and the Speed of Convergence," Working Papers 1006, Research Institute for Market Economy, Sogang University.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgo:wpaper:1006
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ronald Findlay, 1995. "Factor Proportions, Trade, and Growth," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262061759, January.
    2. Durlauf, Steven N. & Johnson, Paul A. & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2005. "Growth Econometrics," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 8, pages 555-677 Elsevier.
    3. Charles I. Jones, 2002. "Sources of U.S. Economic Growth in a World of Ideas," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(1), pages 220-239, March.
    4. William Hauk & Romain Wacziarg, 2009. "A Monte Carlo study of growth regressions," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 103-147, June.
    5. Caselli, Francesco & Esquivel, Gerardo & Lefort, Fernando, 1996. "Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 363-389, September.
    6. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    7. Nazrul Islam, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-1170.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    convergence; factor price equalization; growth; integration; trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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