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Vieillissement,Etat De Sante Et Cessation D’Activite

  • Barbara Lipszyc
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    Si nos sociétés ont pris conscience de l’inéluctabilité du processus de vieillissement de la population, elles commencent également à appréhender la mesure de ses implications économiques et sociales. Afin d’introduire cette commission sur la cessation d’activité, il nous a semblé utile de tracer un bref aperçu des éléments démographiques qui sous-tendent ce processus. Ces éléments, tels l’espérance de vie ou le taux de natalité, sont les causes fondamentales du vieillissement. Toutefois, nous ne pouvons agir sur eux que de manière très marginale, que ce soit au niveau individuel ou au travers d’une décision politique, et de plus nous ne pouvons guère espérer qu’un effet à beaucoup plus long terme. Les variables économiques ont également un impact non négligeable, et peuvent être influencées plus significativement. Nous montrerons par exemple l’importance de l’âge moyen effectif de cessation d’activité sur les indicateurs utilisés pour cerner la charge présente et future représentée par la population âgée. Enfin, l’état de santé est encore un facteur essentiel dans la prise de décision concernant une cessation précoce d’activité. L’Enquête de Santé par Interview réalisée en 1997 nous permet de jeter un certain éclairage sur les conditions de santé de la population la plus concernée par ce type de décision : les 50-64 ans.

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    File URL: http://www2.ulg.ac.be/crepp/papers/crepp-wp200214.pdf
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    Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie Publique et de la Population (CREPP) (Research Center on Public and Population Economics) HEC-Management School, University of Liège in its series CREPP Working Papers with number 0214.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:rpp:wpaper:0214
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    Web page: http://www2.ulg.ac.be/crepp/

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    1. Jiménez-Martín, Sergi & Labeaga, José M. & Martínez Granado, Maite, 1999. "Health status and retirement decisions for older European couples," IRISS Working Paper Series 1999-01, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    2. Michael Baker & Mark Stabile & Catherine Deri, 2004. "What Do Self-Reported, Objective, Measures of Health Measure?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(4).
    3. Stéphane Jacobzone, 1999. "Ageing and Care for Frail Elderly Persons: An Overview of International Perspectives," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 38, OECD Publishing.
    4. Françoise Lannoy & Barbara Lipszyc, 2000. "Le vieillissement en Belgique: données démographiques et implications économiques," CREPP Working Papers 0004, Centre de Recherche en Economie Publique et de la Population (CREPP) (Research Center on Public and Population Economics) HEC-Management School, University of Liège.
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