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Housing Dynamics

Author

Listed:
  • Roman Sustek

    (Bank of England)

  • Peter Rupert

    (University of California, Santa Barbara)

  • Finn Kydland

Abstract

Over the U.S. business cycle, fluctuations in residential investment systematically lead fluctuations in real GDP. Evidently, these dynamics are specific to the U.S. and Canada. In other developed economies residential investment tends to be coincident with the cycle. On the other hand, in all countries considered, nonresidential investment is either coincident with or lags GDP. These observations are in sharp contrast with the predictions of nearly all business cycle models once investment is disaggregated. In such models, residential investment lags while nonresidential investment leads output. We ask to what extent differences in financing arrangements, namely fixed vs. variable rate mortgages, have in explaining the lead-lag pattern of investment. We show that including mortgage financing costs aligns the theory more closely with the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Roman Sustek & Peter Rupert & Finn Kydland, 2012. "Housing Dynamics," 2012 Meeting Papers 315, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed012:315
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets

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