Increasing Returns and Economics Prosperity: How Can Size not Matter?
Models that feature ideas naturally lead to scale effects, and this results in the counterfactual implication that larger countries should be richer than smaller ones. Perhaps small countries are not poor because they beneÃƒÂ¯Ã‚Â¬Ã‚t from foreign ideas through trade. Quantitative trade models do imply that small countries gain more from trade than large countries, but the difference is too small to make a difference. There are two candidates to solve the puzzle: ÃƒÂ¯Ã‚Â¬Ã‚rst, there are additional ways besides trade through which countries are integrated to the rest of the world, and second, countries are not fully integrated domestically. In this paper we explore these two ideas by building a quantitative model of trade and multinational production with frictions to the domestic movement of goods and ideas. The resulting model comes close to solving the puzzle, but not fully.
|Date of creation:||2012|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA|
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- Alvarez, Fernando & Lucas, Robert Jr., 2007.
"General equilibrium analysis of the Eaton-Kortum model of international trade,"
Journal of Monetary Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 1726-1768, September.
- Fernando Alvarez & Robert E. Lucas, 2005. "General Equilibrium Analysis of the Eaton-Kortum Model of International Trade," NBER Working Papers 11764, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Lorenzo Caliendo & Fernando Parro, 2015. "Estimates of the Trade and Welfare Effects of NAFTA," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 82(1), pages 1-44.
- Lorenzo Caliendo & Fernando Parro, 2012. "Estimates of the Trade and Welfare Effects of NAFTA," NBER Working Papers 18508, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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