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Alternative Approaches to Estimation and Inference in Large Multifactor Panels: Small Sample Results with an Application to Modelling of Asset Returns

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  • George Kapetanios

    (Queen Mary, University of London)

  • M. Hashem Pesaran

    (Cambridge University and USC)

Abstract

This paper considers alternative approaches to the analysis of large panel data models in the presence of error cross section dependence. A popular method for modelling such dependence uses a factor error structure. Such models raise new problems for estimation and inference. This paper compares two alternative methods for carrying out estimation and inference in panels with a multifactor error structure. One uses the correlated common effects estimator that proxies the unobserved factors by cross section averages of the observed variables as suggested by Pesaran (2004), and the other uses principal components following the work of Stock and Watson (2002). The paper develops the principal component method and provides small sample evidence on the comparative properties of these estimators by means of extensive Monte Carlo experiments. An empirical application to company returns provides an illustration of the alternative estimation procedures.

Suggested Citation

  • George Kapetanios & M. Hashem Pesaran, 2005. "Alternative Approaches to Estimation and Inference in Large Multifactor Panels: Small Sample Results with an Application to Modelling of Asset Returns," Working Papers 536, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:qmw:qmwecw:536
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Luisa Corrado & Bernard Fingleton, 2012. "Where Is The Economics In Spatial Econometrics?," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 210-239, May.
    2. M. Hashem Pesaran & Til Schuermann & Bjorn-Jakob Treutler, 2007. "Global Business Cycles and Credit Risk," NBER Chapters, in: The Risks of Financial Institutions, pages 419-469, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Westerlund, Joakim & Urbain, Jean-Pierre, 2013. "On the implementation and use of factor-augmented regressions in panel data," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 3-11.
    4. Sirin, Selahattin Murat & Erten, Ibrahim, 2022. "Price spikes, temporary price caps, and welfare effects of regulatory interventions on wholesale electricity markets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 163(C).
    5. Pauwels Laurent L. & Chan Felix & Mancini Griffoli Tommaso, 2012. "Testing for Structural Change in Heterogeneous Panels with an Application to the Euro's Trade Effect," Journal of Time Series Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 4(2), pages 1-35, November.
    6. Filippo di Mauro & L. Vanessa Smith & Stephane Dees & M. Hashem Pesaran, 2007. "Exploring the international linkages of the euro area: a global VAR analysis," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(1), pages 1-38.
    7. Kazuhiko Hayakawa & Shuichi Nagata & Takashi Yamagata, 2018. "A robust approach to heteroskedasticity, error serial correlation and slope heterogeneity for large linear panel data models with interactive effects," ISER Discussion Paper 1037, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    8. Simon Reese & Joakim Westerlund, 2016. "Panicca: Panic on Cross‐Section Averages," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(6), pages 961-981, September.
    9. Jad Beyhum & Eric Gautier, 2020. "Factor and factor loading augmented estimators for panel regression," Working Papers hal-02957008, HAL.
    10. M. Hashem Pesaran & Ron Smith, 2006. "Macroeconometric Modelling With A Global Perspective," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 74(s1), pages 24-49, September.
    11. Hou, Lei & Li, Kunpeng & Li, Qi & Ouyang, Min, 2021. "Revisiting the location of FDI in China: A panel data approach with heterogeneous shocks," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 221(2), pages 483-509.
    12. Camilla Mastromarco & Laura Serlenga & Yongcheol Shin, 2012. "Is Globalization Driving Efficiency? A Threshold Stochastic Frontier Panel Data Modeling Approach," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(3), pages 563-579, August.
    13. Luisa Corrado & Bernard Fingleton, 2011. "Multilevel Modelling with Spatial Effects," Working Papers 1105, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
    14. Guowei Cui & Kazuhiko Hayakawa & Shuichi Nagata & Takashi Yamagata, 2018. "A robust approach to heteroskedasticity, error serial correlation and slope heterogeneity for large linear panel data models with interactive effects," ISER Discussion Paper 1037r, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University, revised Jun 2019.
    15. Sirin, Selahattin Murat & Uz, Dilek & Sevindik, Irem, 2022. "How do variable renewable energy technologies affect firm-level day-ahead output decisions: Evidence from the Turkish wholesale electricity market," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    16. Simon Reese & Joakim Westerlund, 2018. "Estimation of factor-augmented panel regressions with weakly influential factors," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(5), pages 401-465, May.
    17. Su, Liangjun & Jin, Sainan, 2012. "Sieve estimation of panel data models with cross section dependence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 169(1), pages 34-47.
    18. Westerlund, Joakim & Urbain, Jean-Pierre, 2013. "On the estimation and inference in factor-augmented panel regressions with correlated loadings," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 119(3), pages 247-250.
    19. Guowei Cui & Milda Norkuté & Vasilis Sarafidis & Takashi Yamagata, 2020. "Two-Stage Instrumental Variable Estimation of Linear Panel Data Models with Interactive Effects," ISER Discussion Paper 1101, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    20. George Kapetanios & Laura Serlenga & Yongcheol Shin, 2019. "Testing for Correlated Factor Loadings in Cross Sectionally Dependent Panels," SERIES 02-2019, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", revised Jun 2019.
    21. Westerlund, Joakim & Urbain, Jean-Pierre, 2015. "Cross-sectional averages versus principal components," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 185(2), pages 372-377.
    22. Castagnetti, Carolina & Rossi, Eduardo, 2008. "Estimation methods in panel data models with observed and unobserved components: a Monte Carlo study," MPRA Paper 26196, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Sainan Jin & Liangjun Su, 2013. "A Nonparametric Poolability Test for Panel Data Models with Cross Section Dependence," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 469-512, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cross section dependence; Large panels; Principal components; Common correlated effects; Return equations;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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