An Analysis of the Labor Market for Uberâ€™s Driver-Partners in the United States
This paper provides the first comprehensive analysis of Uberâ€™s driver-partners, based on both survey data and anonymized, aggregated administrative data. Uber has grown at an exponential rate over the last few years, and drivers who partner with Uber appear to be attracted to the platform in large part because of the flexibility it offers, the level of compensation, and the fact that earnings per hour do not vary much with hours worked, which facilitates part-time and variable hours. Uberâ€™s driver-partners are more similar in terms of their age and education to the general workforce than to taxi drivers and chauffeurs. Uber may serve as a bridge for many seeking other employment opportunities, and it may attract well-qualified individuals because, with Uberâ€™s star rating system, driver-partnersâ€™ reputations are explicitly shared with potential customers. Most of Uberâ€™s driver-partners had full- or part-time employment prior to joining Uber, and many continued in those positions after starting to drive with the Uber platform, which makes the flexibility to set their own hours all the more valuable. Uberâ€™s driver-partners also often cited the desire to smooth fluctuations in their income as a reason for partnering with Uber.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2015|
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Levine's Working Paper Archive
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