IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Measurement of Multi-Dimensional Poverty in India: A state level analysis


  • Tripathi, Sabyasachi
  • Yenneti, Komali


The paper measures the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) in India by considering National Sample Survey (NSS) data on ‘Consumption Expenditure’ for the period of 2004-05 and 2011-12 by using Alkire and Foster’s (2011) methodology and by considering three main indicators i.e., standard of living, education and income at the household or persons level. The results show that multidimensional poverty head count has declined from 62.2 percent in 2004-05 to 38.4 percent in 2011-12. However, rural/ urban separate analysis clearly indicates a sharp decline in rural poverty compared to urban poverty reduction. Lack of education of the household members made the highest contribution to poverty, followed by income and standard of living in India. State level analysis show that Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Arunachal Pradesh, have a higher poverty head count ratio while Kerala, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Haryana have lower poverty rate. Promoting local resource and tourism based industries through urbanization, higher and job oriented education, and long term saving for creating funding are required to reduce poverty in India.

Suggested Citation

  • Tripathi, Sabyasachi & Yenneti, Komali, 2019. "Measurement of Multi-Dimensional Poverty in India: A state level analysis," MPRA Paper 96952, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96952

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Consumption expenditure; multidimensional poverty; poverty Indices; India;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96952. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.