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Causes of haze and its health effects in Singapore; a replication study

Author

Listed:
  • Kiviet, Jan

Abstract

Intermittently Singapore suffers from severe air pollution in periods of intense forest and peatland fires on neighboring South-Asian islands. A recent American Economic Review article modeled the causal relationships between fire intensity in Indonesia and air pollution (PSI) in Singapore, and between PSI and health clinic visits in Singapore. We find serious flaws in the quantitative assessment of these relationships. Attempts are made to repair these using the same classic methodology and data, but also by alternative methods requiring less speculative assumptions. Although actually more detailed data are required, also some results are produced which seem more credible.

Suggested Citation

  • Kiviet, Jan, 2019. "Causes of haze and its health effects in Singapore; a replication study," MPRA Paper 96950, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96950
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/96950/1/MPRA_paper_96950.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    endogeneity robust inference; environmental economics; health economics; instrument invalidity; sensitivity analysis.;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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