IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/76067.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Estabilidad de Precios en América Latina:¿Ya LLegamos Allí?
[Price Stability in Latin America: Are We There Yet?]

Author

Listed:
  • Olivo, Victor

Abstract

This paper main purpose is to analyze whether Latin America economies as a whole and on an individual basis have achieved price stability, or are moving towards this objective. After a revision of the literature on the quantitative definition of price stability, I adopt the one that has prevailed in most central banks worldwide: an inflation rate of 2% within a range between 1-3%. Comparing observed inflation and a three-year moving average of the inflation rate of Latin American countries with this benchmark, I conclude that the region has attained a low inflation but not price stability. The paper goes on to examine several factors that decrease the benefits and increase the cost of lowering inflation once this has been reduced below 10%. It also evaluates how the monetary policy strategies adopted throughout the region have influenced the achievement of price stability. I conclude that the region should avoid complacency. In a globalized world in which nations compete intensively in international trade and to attract capital flows, the achievement of the price stability objective added to others institutional reforms, could be fundamental.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivo, Victor, 2016. "Estabilidad de Precios en América Latina:¿Ya LLegamos Allí?
    [Price Stability in Latin America: Are We There Yet?]
    ," MPRA Paper 76067, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 02 Jan 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:76067
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/76067/1/MPRA_paper_76067.pdf
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Carl E. Walsh, 2010. "Monetary Theory and Policy, Third Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 3, volume 1, number 0262013770.
    2. Reynard, Samuel, 2007. "Maintaining low inflation: Money, interest rates, and policy stance," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(5), pages 1441-1471, July.
    3. Buiter, Willem H., 2006. "The elusive welfare economics of price stability as a monetary policy objective: why New Keynesian central bankers should validate core inflation," Working Paper Series 609, European Central Bank.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Keywords: price stability; inflation rate; central banks; monetary policy; interest rate; monetary base.;

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:76067. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vfmunde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.