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The Impact of Agricultural Land on Poverty and Inequality in Rural Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Nguyen, Cuong

Abstract

This paper measures impact of agricultural land on household income and consumption expenditure, and subsequently assesses impact of agricultural land on poverty and inequality in rural Vietnam. It is found that agricultural land increases per capita consumption expenditure and income of the land holders by around 2.7 and 6.7 percent, respectively. As a result, agricultural land helps poverty reduction. Due to agricultural land, the headcount of poverty for land holders is reduced by around 1.2 percentage points. Agricultural land also decreases the poverty-gap and poverty-severity indexes for the land holders by around 5.6 and 6.6 percent, respectively. However, agricultural land increases rural inequality, albeit at very small magnitude.

Suggested Citation

  • Nguyen, Cuong, 2008. "The Impact of Agricultural Land on Poverty and Inequality in Rural Vietnam," MPRA Paper 50478, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50478
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/50478/1/MPRA_paper_50478.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bobrow-Strain, Aaron, 2004. "(Dis)Accords: The Politics of Market-Assisted Land Reforms in Chiapas, Mexico," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 887-903, June.
    2. World Bank, 2003. "Vietnam Development Report 2004 : Poverty," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14651, The World Bank.
    3. Timothy Besley & Robin Burgess, 2000. "Land Reform, Poverty Reduction, and Growth: Evidence from India," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(2), pages 389-430.
    4. Heckman, James J. & Lalonde, Robert J. & Smith, Jeffrey A., 1999. "The economics and econometrics of active labor market programs," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1865-2097 Elsevier.
    5. Deininger, Klaus & Jin, Songqing & Nagarajan, Hari K., 2008. "Efficiency and equity impacts of rural land rental restrictions: Evidence from India," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(5), pages 892-918, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agricultural land; poverty; inequality; welfare; impact evaluation; Vietnam.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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