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A Note on Food Inflation in Pakistan


  • Hanif, Muhammad Nadim


Food inflation hurts poor more than rich as poor spend higher proportion of their income on food items compared to rich. Higher global food and crude oil prices in 2008 resulted in higher (than historical average) food inflation in Pakistan. Global food inflation caused food inflation in Pakistan. However, food inflation diffusion has been lower compared to non-food inflation in Pakistan. Food inflation volatility in Pakistan was found to be half of that observed in the world. Compared to global food inflation persistence, there is no evidence of food inflation persistence in Pakistan. However, within the food group, most of the goods which were manufactured exhibited inflation persistence. With the help of comparison of food inflation with wage increases for labour (after 2008 global commodity prices shock), the poor (labour class) was found to be at disadvantage.

Suggested Citation

  • Hanif, Muhammad Nadim, 2012. "A Note on Food Inflation in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 45009, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 11 Mar 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:45009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hanif, Muhammad N. & Batool, Irem, 2006. "Openness and Inflation: A Case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 10214, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Riaz Riazuddin, 2008. "An Exploratory Analysis of Inflation Episodes in Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 13(Special E), pages 63-93, September.
    3. Choudhary, M. Ali & Naeem, Saima & Faheem, Abdul & Hanif, Nadim & Pasha, Farooq, 2011. "Formal sector price discoveries: preliminary results from a developing country," MPRA Paper 32368, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Muhammad Nadim Hanif & Muhammad Jahanzeb Malik & Javed Iqbal, 2016. "Intrinsic Inflation Persistence in a Developing Country," SBP Research Bulletin, State Bank of Pakistan, Research Department, vol. 12, pages 19-42.
    5. Khan, Mahmood ul Hassan & Hanif, Muhammad Nadim, 2012. "Role of Demand and Supply Shocks in Driving Inflation: A Case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 48884, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "Inflation dynamics: A structural econometric analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 195-222, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shahzad Ahmad & Farooq Pasha, 2015. "A Pragmatic Model for Monetary Policy Analysis I: The Case of Pakistan," SBP Research Bulletin, State Bank of Pakistan, Research Department, vol. 11, pages 1-42.
    2. Hanif, Muhammad Nadim & Malik, Muhammad Jahanzeb, 2015. "Evaluating Performance of Inflation Forecasting Models of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 66843, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Inflation; Food Inflation; Persistence; Volatility; Diffusion; Pakistan;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation


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