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Crecimiento Económico y Sector Externo en la Economía Ecuatoriana
[Economic Growth and the External Sector in Ecuador’s Economy]


  • Ochoa Jiménez, Diego


This article explains the balance of payments constraint imposed on Ecuador's economic growth during the period 1970 – 2007. By using the Thirlwall’s model (1979), a modification is made, stating that the real exchange rate (RER) should not be considered constant in the long term due to the negative impact of the Marshall-Lerner condition on the balance of the trade balance. Through an econometric study, a cointegration vector between GDP, exports and RER is determined. This is a valid adjustment to explain the balance of payments constraint on economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Ochoa Jiménez, Diego, 2010. "Crecimiento Económico y Sector Externo en la Economía Ecuatoriana
    [Economic Growth and the External Sector in Ecuador’s Economy]
    ," MPRA Paper 40422, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40422

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Moreno Brid, Juan Carlos & Pérez Caldentey, Esteban, 2003. "Liberalización comercial y crecimiento económico en Centroamérica," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    2. Anthony P. Thirlwall, 2011. "The Balance of Payments Constraint as an Explanation of International Growth Rate Differences," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 64(259), pages 429-438.
    3. Fugarolas Álvarez-Ude, Guadalupe & Matesanz Gómez, David, 2005. "Restricción de balanza de pagos y vulnerabilidad externa en la argentina de los noventa. Un análisis de caso," MPRA Paper 210, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2005.
    4. J.S.L. McCombie & Mark Roberts, 2002. "The Role of the Balance of Payments in Economic Growth," Chapters,in: The Economics of Demand-Led Growth, chapter 6 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Erkin I. Bairam, 1997. "Levels of Economic Development and Appropriate Specification of the Harrod Foreign-Trade Multiplier," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 337-344, March.
    6. Amelia Santos-Paulino & A. P. Thirlwall, 2004. "The impact of trade liberalisation on exports, imports and the balance of payments of developing countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(493), pages 50-72, February.
    7. Kamin, Steve B. & Rogers, John H., 2000. "Output and the real exchange rate in developing countries: an application to Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 85-109, February.
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    More about this item


    Ecuador; restricción de la balanza de pagos; Ley de Thirlwall; crecimiento económico;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange


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