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The cost of counterparty risk and collateralization in longevity swaps

Author

Listed:
  • Biffis, Enrico
  • Blake, David
  • Pitotti, Lorenzo
  • Sun, Ariel

Abstract

Derivative longevity risk solutions, such as bespoke and indexed longevity swaps, allow pension schemes and annuity providers to swap out longevity risk, but introduce counterparty credit risk, which can be mitigated if not fully eliminated by collateralization. We examine the impact of bilateral default risk and collateral rules on the marking to market of longevity swaps, and show how longevity swap rates must be determined endogenously from the collateral flows associated with the marking-to-market procedure. For typical interest rate and mortality parameters, we find that the impact of collateralization is modest in the presence of symmetric default risk, but more pronounced when default risk and/or collateral rules are asymmetric. Our results suggest that the overall cost of collateralization is comparable with, and often much smaller than, that found in the interest-rate swaps market (as a result of the offsetting effects of interest rate and longevity risks), which may then provide the appropriate reference framework for the credit enhancement of both indemnity-based and indexed longevity risk solutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Biffis, Enrico & Blake, David & Pitotti, Lorenzo & Sun, Ariel, 2011. "The cost of counterparty risk and collateralization in longevity swaps," MPRA Paper 35740, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35740
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Wang, Chou-Wen & Yang, Sharon S. & Huang, Hong-Chih, 2015. "Modeling multi-country mortality dependence and its application in pricing survivor index swaps—A dynamic copula approach," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 30-39.
    2. Meyricke, Ramona & Sherris, Michael, 2014. "Longevity risk, cost of capital and hedging for life insurers under Solvency II," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 147-155.
    3. David Blake & Andrew Cairns & Guy Coughlan & Kevin Dowd & Richard MacMinn, 2013. "The New Life Market," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 80(3), pages 501-558, September.
    4. Bensusan, Harry & El Karoui, Nicole & Loisel, Stéphane & Salhi, Yahia, 2016. "Partial splitting of longevity and financial risks: The longevity nominal choosing swaptions," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 61-72.
    5. repec:gam:jrisks:v:5:y:2017:i:2:p:29-:d:98116 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:eee:insuma:v:76:y:2017:i:c:p:95-103 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:bla:jrinsu:v:84:y:2017:i:s1:p:515-532 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:bla:jrinsu:v:84:y:2017:i:s1:p:495-514 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Damiano Brigo, 2011. "Counterparty Risk FAQ: Credit VaR, PFE, CVA, DVA, Closeout, Netting, Collateral, Re-hypothecation, WWR, Basel, Funding, CCDS and Margin Lending," Papers 1111.1331, arXiv.org, revised Jun 2012.
    10. Man Chung Fung & Katja Ignatieva & Michael Sherris, 2015. "Managing Systematic Mortality Risk in Life Annuities: An Application of Longevity Derivatives," Papers 1508.00090, arXiv.org.
    11. Andrea Pallavicini & Damiano Brigo, 2013. "Interest-Rate Modelling in Collateralized Markets: Multiple curves, credit-liquidity effects, CCPs," Papers 1304.1397, arXiv.org.
    12. Enrico Biffis & David Blake, 2013. "Informed Intermediation of Longevity Exposures," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 80(3), pages 559-584, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    longevity swap; counterparty risk; default risk; collateral; marking-to-market;

    JEL classification:

    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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