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Heterogeneity in Stock Pricing: A STAR Model with Multivariate Transition Functions

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  • Lof, Matthijs

Abstract

Stock prices often diverge from measures of fundamental value, which simple present value models fail to explain. This paper tries to find causes for these long-run price movements and their persistence by estimating a STAR model for the price-earnings ratio of the S&P500 index for 1961Q1 - 2009Q3, with a transition function that depends on a wider set of exogenous or predetermined transition variables. Several economic, monetary and financial variables, as well as linear combinations of these, are found to have nonlinear effects on stock prices. A two-step estimation procedure is proposed to select the transition variables and estimate their weights. This STAR model can be interpreted as a heterogeneous agent asset pricing model that makes a distinction between chartists and fundamentalists, where the set of transition variables is included in the agents’ information set.

Suggested Citation

  • Lof, Matthijs, 2010. "Heterogeneity in Stock Pricing: A STAR Model with Multivariate Transition Functions," MPRA Paper 30520, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30520
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Heterogeneous agents; Regime switching; Stock prices; STAR models;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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