المشهد الحضاري العربي: سؤال المؤسسة.. سؤال الإنسان.. في تحديد ملامح الابعاد السياسية و الاقتصادية
[The Arab cultural scene… An Institutional and Human Question in Shaping the Political and Economic Dimensions]
We try to introduce in this paper an outline of explanation of the under development sources in the Arab world, by adopting the new definition of the social capital and institutional efficiency. It will be summarized around the intuition of spontaneous institution. It signifies the respect of the other’s rights in spontaneous and unconscious make. We are demonstrated that the institutional success is linked at the collective unconscious and spontaneous behaviors of the individuals. We showed also, that every nation has a spontaneous institution translating the level of the liberty respect and the initiative degree. This institution can be qualified like a social capital in the societies where the laws are respected spontaneously by the members of the society. It can constitute, on the other hand, an economic and social obstacle in other nations. Thus, this institution affects the human quality, the use of knowledge’s and the labor force in general. Consequently, in the presence of inefficient spontaneous institution, the growth and development opportunity will be limited and the economy becomes enabling to absorb all flows of the workers.
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- Islam, Roumeen, 2004. "What are the right institutions in a globalizing world? and... can we keep them if we have found them?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3448, The World Bank.
- Gurgur, Tugrul & Shah, Anwar, 2005.
"Localization and corruption : panacea or pandora's box?,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
3486, The World Bank.
- Tugrul Gurgur & Anwar Shah, 2014. "Localization and corruption: panacea or pandora's box?," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 15(1), pages 109-136, May.
- Tugrul Gurgur & Anwar Shah, 2008. "Localization and corruption: panacea or pandora's box?," CEMA Working Papers 581, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
- Roberta Gatti & Stefano Paternostro & Jamele Rigolini, 2003. "Individual attitudes toward corruption: do social effects matter?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3122, The World Bank.
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