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Measuring exchange rate flexibility in Europe

  • Gaetano, D'Adamo

In official terms, European countries that are not in the EMU have been showing a polarization of monetary policy regimes in the last fifteen years: either Inflation Targeting or fixed exchange rates. I apply several methods recently developed by the literature to measure exchange rate flexibility to these European countries, in order to see whether such polarization has indeed occurred from a de facto point of view. Using these approaches, I find that the move to Inflation Targeting did bring about higher exchange rate flexibility, but only up to a level that is not comparable to that of the non-European benchmark floaters. Inflation Targeters in Europe also seem to have put some weight on stabilization of the exchange rate vis à vis the euro, after its introduction; fixed exchange rate arrangements, instead, apart from official policy changes, remained mostly stable throughout the last decade.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26612.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26612
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  1. Ball, Christopher P. & Reyes, Javier, 2008. "Inflation targeting or fear of floating in disguise? A broader perspective," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 308-326, March.
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  8. Jeffrey A. Frankel., 1993. "Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C93-007, University of California at Berkeley.
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  10. Frankel, Jeffrey & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2008. "Estimation of De Facto Exchange Rate Regimes: Synthesis of The Techniques for Inferring Flexibility and Basket Weights," Working Paper Series rwp08-026, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  11. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2002. "The Modern History of Exchange Rate Arrangements: A Reinterpretation," NBER Working Papers 8963, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Serven, Luis & Frankel, Jeffrey & Fajnzylber, Eduardo & Schmukler, Sergio, 2000. "Verifying exchange rate regimes," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2397, The World Bank.
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  14. Dick van Dijk & Haris Munandar & Christian Hafner, 2011. "The euro introduction and noneuro currencies," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(1-2), pages 95-116.
  15. Lars E. O. Svensson, 2003. "What Is Wrong with Taylor Rules? Using Judgment in Monetary Policy through Targeting Rules," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(2), pages 426-477, June.
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  17. von Ungern-Sternbert, Thomas, 1987. "Does the Swiss National Bank Stabilize the Swiss Franc Exchange Rates?," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 5(1), pages 105-13, January.
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