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Measuring exchange rate flexibility in Europe

  • Gaetano, D'Adamo

In official terms, European countries that are not in the EMU have been showing a polarization of monetary policy regimes in the last fifteen years: either Inflation Targeting or fixed exchange rates. I apply several methods recently developed by the literature to measure exchange rate flexibility to these European countries, in order to see whether such polarization has indeed occurred from a de facto point of view. Using these approaches, I find that the move to Inflation Targeting did bring about higher exchange rate flexibility, but only up to a level that is not comparable to that of the non-European benchmark floaters. Inflation Targeters in Europe also seem to have put some weight on stabilization of the exchange rate vis à vis the euro, after its introduction; fixed exchange rate arrangements, instead, apart from official policy changes, remained mostly stable throughout the last decade.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26612.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26612
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  1. von Ungern-Sternbert, Thomas, 1987. "Does the Swiss National Bank Stabilize the Swiss Franc Exchange Rates?," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 5(1), pages 105-13, January.
  2. Svensson, Lars E.O., 1998. "Inflation Targeting as a Monetary Policy Rule," Seminar Papers 646, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  3. Reinhart, Carmen & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2004. "The modern history of exchange rate arrangements: A reinterpretation," MPRA Paper 14070, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Clarida, Richard H, 2001. "The Empirics of Monetary Policy Rules in Open Economies," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 6(4), pages 315-23, October.
  5. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Shang-Jin Wei, 2008. "Estimation of De Facto Exchange Rate Regimes: Synthesis of the Techniques for Inferring Flexibility and Basket Weights," NBER Working Papers 14016, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Fajnzylber, Eduardo & Schmukler, Sergio L. & Serven, Luis, 2001. "Verifying exchange rate regimes," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 351-386, December.
  7. Sebastian Edwards, 2006. "The Relationship Between Exchange Rates and Inflation Targeting Revisited," NBER Working Papers 12163, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Jordi Gal� & Tommaso Monacelli, 2005. "Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(3), pages 707-734.
  9. Reinhart, Carmen & Calvo, Guillermo, 2002. "Fear of floating," MPRA Paper 14000, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Svensson, Lars E.O., 1998. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," Seminar Papers 638, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  11. Lars E. O. Svensson, 2003. "What is Wrong with Taylor Rules? Using Judgment in Monetary Policy through Targeting Rules," NBER Working Papers 9421, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. repec:dgr:uvatin:20050044 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1992. "Is Japan creating a yen bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?," Pacific Basin Working Paper Series 92-09, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  14. Levy-Yeyati, Eduardo & Sturzenegger, Federico, 2005. "Classifying exchange rate regimes: Deeds vs. words," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 1603-1635, August.
  15. Ball, Christopher P. & Reyes, Javier, 2008. "Inflation targeting or fear of floating in disguise? A broader perspective," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 308-326, March.
  16. Samuel Reynard, 2008. "What Drives the Swiss Franc?," Working Papers 2008-14, Swiss National Bank.
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