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Forecasting Malaysian Exchange Rate: Do Artificial Neural Networks Work?

Author

Listed:
  • Chan, Tze-Haw
  • Lye, Chun Teck
  • Hooy, Chee-Wooi

Abstract

Being a small and open economy, the stability and predictability of Malaysian foreign exchange are crucially important. However, despite the general failure of conventional monetary models, foreign exchange misalignments and authority intervention have both caused the forecasting process an uneasy task. The present paper employs the monetary-portfolio balance exchange rate model and its modified version in the analysis. We then compare two Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) estimation procedures (MLFN and GRNN) with random walk (RW) in the modeling-prediction process of RM/USD during the post-Bretton Wood era (1990M1-2008M8). The out-of-sample forecasting assessment reveals that the ANNs have outperformed the RW, which in particular, the MLFNs outperform GRNNs where as the latter outperform the RW models with consistency in both the exchange rate models by all evaluation criteria. In addition, the findings also show that the modified model has superior forecasting performance than the first model. In brief, economic fundamentals are vital in forecasting and explaining the RM/USD exchange rate. The findings are beneficial in policy making, investment modeling as well as corporate planning.

Suggested Citation

  • Chan, Tze-Haw & Lye, Chun Teck & Hooy, Chee-Wooi, 2010. "Forecasting Malaysian Exchange Rate: Do Artificial Neural Networks Work?," MPRA Paper 26326, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26326
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/26326/1/MPRA_paper_26326.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zhang, Guoqiang & Eddy Patuwo, B. & Y. Hu, Michael, 1998. "Forecasting with artificial neural networks:: The state of the art," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 35-62, March.
    2. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, Paul, 1986. "Forecasting Economic Time Series," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 2, number 9780122951831 edited by Shell, Karl.
    3. Ahmad Baharumshah & Venus Liew, 2006. "Forecasting Performance of Exponential Smooth Transition Autoregressive Exchange Rate Models," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 235-251, April.
    4. Kuan, Chung-Ming & Liu, Tung, 1995. "Forecasting Exchange Rates Using Feedforward and Recurrent Neural Networks," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(4), pages 347-364, Oct.-Dec..
    5. S. Baranzoni & P. Bianchi & L. Lambertini, 2000. "Multiproduct Firms, Product Differentiation, and Market Structure," Working Papers 368, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    6. Bruce Mizrach, 1996. "Forecast Comparison in L2," Departmental Working Papers 199524, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Chun-Teck Lye & Tze-Haw Chan & Chee-Wooi Hooy, 2012. "Nonlinear Analysis Of Chinese And Malaysian Exchange Rates Predictability With Monetary Fundamentals," Journal of Global Business and Economics, Global Research Agency, vol. 5(1), pages 38-49, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Artificial Neural Networks; Forecasting; modified monetary-portfolio balance model; RM/USD;

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • C45 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Neural Networks and Related Topics
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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