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Hubungan Pembangunan Industri Pelancongan Dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Beberapa Negara Utama ASEAN
[Relationship Between Tourism Industry Development and Economic Growth in Major ASEAN Countries]

Listed author(s):
  • Othman, Redzuan
  • Salleh, Norlida Hanim Mohd
Registered author(s):

    ABSTRAK Penulisan ini bertujuan mengkaji corak hubungan antara pembangunan ekonomi dengan pertumbuhan industri pelancong di beberapa negara utama ASEAN iaitu Malaysia, Thailand, Singapura dan Indonesia. Khususnya kajian cuba menguji hipotesis sama ada perkembangan industri pelancongan sebagai perangsang kepada pertumbuhan ekonomi (tourism-led economic growth - (TLG) atau pertumbuhan ekonomi sebagai perangsang kepada perkembangan industri pelancongan (economic growth-led tourism – GLT). Untuk tujuan tersebut, analisis ekonometrik yang menggunakan kaedah ujian kointegrasi dan penyebab Granger digunakan. Hasil kajian mendapati wujud hubungan satu hala antara perkembangan industri pelancongan dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi. Bagi negara Thailand dan Indonesia didapati pertumbuhan ekonomi sebagai penyebab kepada perkembangan industri pelancongan (GLT), sementara bagi Malaysia dan Singapura pula perkembangan industri pelancongan adalah penyebab kepada pertumbuhan ekonomi (TLG). Kertas ini mengaplikasikan teori dan realiti iaitu penggunaan pendekatan penyebab Granger dalam menganalisis realiti industri pelancongan dan pertumbuhan ekonomi. ABSTRACT This study is trying to investigate the pattern of relationship between the development of tourism industry and the economic growth in major ASEAN countries namely Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore and Indonesia. Precisely, this study attempts to test the hypotheses that tourism development as a cause to economic growth (tourism-led economic growth – TLG) or the economic growth as a cause to tourism development (economic growth led tourism – GLT). An econometric analisis which applied the cointegration test and Granger causality analysis is employed to clarify these issues. Results of the study have shown that there is only one way relationship between tourism development and economic growth in these countries. For Thailand and Indonesia the economic growth is the leading factor to the tourism development (GLT) whereas in Malaysia and Singapore the tourism development is the leading factor to the economic growth (TLG).

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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 22457.

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    Date of creation: 30 Sep 2008
    Date of revision: 20 Feb 2010
    Publication status: Forthcoming in International Journal of Management Studies (IJMS) 1.17(2010): pp. 171-188
    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22457
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