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Hubungan Pembangunan Industri Pelancongan Dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Beberapa Negara Utama ASEAN
[Relationship Between Tourism Industry Development and Economic Growth in Major ASEAN Countries]

Author

Listed:
  • Othman, Redzuan
  • Salleh, Norlida Hanim Mohd

Abstract

ABSTRAK Penulisan ini bertujuan mengkaji corak hubungan antara pembangunan ekonomi dengan pertumbuhan industri pelancong di beberapa negara utama ASEAN iaitu Malaysia, Thailand, Singapura dan Indonesia. Khususnya kajian cuba menguji hipotesis sama ada perkembangan industri pelancongan sebagai perangsang kepada pertumbuhan ekonomi (tourism-led economic growth - (TLG) atau pertumbuhan ekonomi sebagai perangsang kepada perkembangan industri pelancongan (economic growth-led tourism – GLT). Untuk tujuan tersebut, analisis ekonometrik yang menggunakan kaedah ujian kointegrasi dan penyebab Granger digunakan. Hasil kajian mendapati wujud hubungan satu hala antara perkembangan industri pelancongan dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi. Bagi negara Thailand dan Indonesia didapati pertumbuhan ekonomi sebagai penyebab kepada perkembangan industri pelancongan (GLT), sementara bagi Malaysia dan Singapura pula perkembangan industri pelancongan adalah penyebab kepada pertumbuhan ekonomi (TLG). Kertas ini mengaplikasikan teori dan realiti iaitu penggunaan pendekatan penyebab Granger dalam menganalisis realiti industri pelancongan dan pertumbuhan ekonomi. ABSTRACT This study is trying to investigate the pattern of relationship between the development of tourism industry and the economic growth in major ASEAN countries namely Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore and Indonesia. Precisely, this study attempts to test the hypotheses that tourism development as a cause to economic growth (tourism-led economic growth – TLG) or the economic growth as a cause to tourism development (economic growth led tourism – GLT). An econometric analisis which applied the cointegration test and Granger causality analysis is employed to clarify these issues. Results of the study have shown that there is only one way relationship between tourism development and economic growth in these countries. For Thailand and Indonesia the economic growth is the leading factor to the tourism development (GLT) whereas in Malaysia and Singapore the tourism development is the leading factor to the economic growth (TLG).

Suggested Citation

  • Othman, Redzuan & Salleh, Norlida Hanim Mohd, 2008. "Hubungan Pembangunan Industri Pelancongan Dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Beberapa Negara Utama ASEAN
    [Relationship Between Tourism Industry Development and Economic Growth in Major ASEAN Countries]
    ," MPRA Paper 22457, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Feb 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22457
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/22457/1/MPRA_paper_22457.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Keywords

    Kata kunci: Pertumbuhan Ekonomi; Pembangunan Industri Pelancongan; Ujian Kointegrasi; Penyebab Granger.;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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