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Conceptions of God, normative convictions and socially responsible business conduct: An explorative study among executives


  • Graafland, J.J.
  • Kaptein, M.
  • Mazereeuw, C


The case for socially responsible business conduct is often made from an economical or ethical perspective with the organization as level of analysis. This paper focuses on the relationship between the religious belief of corporate decision-makers and socially responsible business conduct. Based on in-depth interviews with twenty Dutch executives from different religious backgrounds, we find much inductive evidence of a relationship between their conception of God, norms and values and business conduct. We also find that executives with a monotheistic conception of God display a stronger orientation toward socially responsible business conduct than executives with a pantheistic conception of God.

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  • Graafland, J.J. & Kaptein, M. & Mazereeuw, C, 2007. "Conceptions of God, normative convictions and socially responsible business conduct: An explorative study among executives," MPRA Paper 20280, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20280

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Green, Ronald M., 1997. "Guiding Principles of Jewish Business Ethics," Business Ethics Quarterly, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(02), pages 21-30, March.
    2. Kaptein, Muel & Wempe, Johan, 2002. "The Balanced Company: A Theory of Corporate Integrity," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199255511.
    3. Agle, Bradley R. & Van Buren, Harry J., 1999. "God and Mammon: The Modern Relationship," Business Ethics Quarterly, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(04), pages 563-582, October.
    4. Abeng, Tanri, 1997. "Business Ethics in Islamic Context: Perspectives of a Muslim Business Leader," Business Ethics Quarterly, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(03), pages 47-54, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten & Johan Graafland & Muel Kaptein, 2014. "Religiosity, CSR Attitudes, and CSR Behavior: An Empirical Study of Executives’ Religiosity and CSR," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 123(3), pages 437-459, September.
    2. Rietveld, C.A. & van Burg, E., 2013. "Religious beliefs and entrepreneurship among Dutch protestants," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2013-015-STR, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    3. Fernanda Duarte, 2010. "Working with Corporate Social Responsibility in Brazilian Companies: The Role of Managers’ Values in the Maintenance of CSR Cultures," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 96(3), pages 355-368, October.
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:10:p:1821-:d:114571 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Socially responsible business conduct; religion; values; ethics; leadership;

    JEL classification:

    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility
    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm


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