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The Measurement of Employment Inequality Between Population Subgroups: Theory and Application


  • Borooah, Vani


This paper represents an inquiry into employment inequality between population sub-groups. The first, and most obvious, starting point to this inquiry - and which forms the subject matter of this paper - was to ask how such inequality should be measured. This question was answered in terms of an idea adapted from the area of income inequality. This was to use, as the inequality index, the natural logarithm of the ratio of the arithmetic mean, to the geometric mean, of the employment rate, where the latter was defined as either the proportion of the working-age population, or the proportion of the labour force, that was employed. It was shown that such an index had several attractive properties and also admitted of an appealing interpretation in terms of social welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Borooah, Vani, 2001. "The Measurement of Employment Inequality Between Population Subgroups: Theory and Application," MPRA Paper 19417, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19417

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Borooah, Vani K, et al, 1995. "Catholic-Protestant Income Differences in Northern Ireland," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 41(1), pages 41-56, March.
    2. Susan Harkness, 1996. "The gender earnings gap: evidence from the UK," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 17(2), pages 1-36, May.
    3. Bourguignon, Francois, 1979. "Decomposable Income Inequality Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 901-920, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Borooah, Vani K. & Knox, Colin, 2015. "Segregation, inequality, and educational performance in Northern Ireland: Problems and solutions," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 196-206.
    2. Borooah, Vani & Knox, Colin, 2013. "Access and Performance Inequalities: post-primary education in Northern Ireland," MPRA Paper 75668, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Borooah, Vani & Knox, Colin, 2015. "Structure and Performance of Post-Primary Schools in Northern Ireland," MPRA Paper 78127, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Borooah, Vani & Knox, Colin, 2015. "The Economics of Schooling in a Divided Society," MPRA Paper 78124, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Borooah, Vani & Diwakar, Dilip & Sabharwal, Nidhi, 2012. "Evaluating the Social Orientation of India’s Integrated Child Development Services (Anganwadi) Program," MPRA Paper 75670, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.

    More about this item


    Inequality; Unemployment; Northern Ireland;

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search


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