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Empirical evidence on the stabilizing role of fiscal and monetary policies in the US

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  • Pereira, Manuel C

Abstract

I apply SVAR tools and counterfactual simulation techniques to study the (de)stabilizing role of monetary and fiscal policies in the US, using quarterly data from 1955 to 2005. Monetary and fiscal disturbances contributed much less to output volatility in the second part of the sample. This result stems from their smaller impact and, to a lesser extent, from a decline in the respective variance. Systematic taxes net of transfers were the most important stabilizing force in the course of postwar recessions until the eighties. Monetary policy had a comparatively smaller role in offsetting the downturns in activity at those episodes. Net taxes have, however, suffered a marked lost of effectiveness in recent decades.

Suggested Citation

  • Pereira, Manuel C, 2008. "Empirical evidence on the stabilizing role of fiscal and monetary policies in the US," MPRA Paper 17474, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17474
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Eddie Gerba & Klemens Hauzenberger, 2013. "Estimating US Fiscal and Monetary Interactions in a Time Varying VAR," Studies in Economics 1303, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    2. Pereira Manuel Coutinho & Lopes Artur Silva, 2014. "Time-varying fiscal policy in the US," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 18(2), pages 1-28, April.
    3. Manuel Coutinho Pereira, 2012. "Revisiting the effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policy in the US, measured on the basis of structural VARs," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fiscal policy; monetary policy; stabilization; structural vector autoregression;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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