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Esperanza de Vida y Potencial de Vida a lo largo del siglo XX en España
[Live Expectancy and Potential throughout the twentieth century in Spain]

Author

Listed:
  • Goerlich, Francisco José
  • Pinilla, Rafael

Abstract

We review the evolution of mortality in Spain during the XX century. At the same time we comment on the advances in life expectancy, at birth and at different ages, focusing specially on the timing of the changes. Life expectancy at birth is more and more used as an indicator of development, but history tell us that life expectancy increasing leads to population ageing. To take account population ageing, we propose a simple indicator that integrates the demographic structure of a society and the life expectancy of the individuals at their current age, we call this indicator life potential. Life potential allows us to asses the negative effect of population ageing and has been increasing in Spain during the XX century, but less than life expectancy at birth. Since 1980 life potential is decreasing because the negative effect of population ageing has been bigger than life expectancy improvements.

Suggested Citation

  • Goerlich, Francisco José & Pinilla, Rafael, 2005. "Esperanza de Vida y Potencial de Vida a lo largo del siglo XX en España
    [Live Expectancy and Potential throughout the twentieth century in Spain]
    ," MPRA Paper 15911, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15911
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/15911/1/MPRA_paper_15911.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gary S. Becker & Tomas J. Philipson & Rodrigo R. Soares, 2005. "The Quantity and Quality of Life and the Evolution of World Inequality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 277-291, March.
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    5. McDonald, Scott & Roberts, Jennifer, 2002. "Growth and multiple forms of human capital in an augmented Solow model: a panel data investigation," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 271-276, January.
    6. Jacques Vallin, 2002. "The End of the Demographic Transition: Relief or Concern?," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 28(1), pages 105-120.
    7. Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Johannesson, Magnus, 1999. "New estimates of the demand for health: results based on a categorical health measure and Swedish micro data," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 49(10), pages 1325-1332, November.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Leandro Prados de la Escosura, 2010. "Improving Human Development: A Long-Run View," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(5), pages 841-894, December.
    2. Leandro Prados de la Escosura, 2015. "World Human Development: 1870–2007," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 61(2), pages 220-247, June.
    3. Carmen Herrero & Ricardo Martínez & Antonio Villar, 2012. "A Newer Human Development Index," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 247-268, May.
    4. Goerlich, Francisco José & Mas, Matilde, 2008. "Pautas de localización de la población a lo largo del siglo XX
      [Population localization patterns along the XX century]
      ," MPRA Paper 15824, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    life tables; life expectancies; life potential;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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