Introducing contemporaneous open-outcry and e-trading at the Chicago Board of Trade
This study uses a vector error correction (VEC) model to examine price-volume relationships between open outcry and e-trading at the Chicago Board of Trade. We test whether equilibrium price corrections on one system are independent of the other, and whether this price behavior is more sensitive to changes in screen-based volume as opposed to open outcry volume. Error correction terms capture an asymmetric price adjustment process led by open outcry trading. Open outcry volume (market depth) also results in price discovery by dampening price volatility on both markets. These aspects of market microstructure are relevant in identifying how newly introduced e-trading systems operate in relation to established open outcry systems,and how e-trading systems may affect the economic performance of futures exchanges generally.
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- Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
- Ulibarri, Carlos A. & Schatzberg, John, 2003. "Liquidity costs: Screen-based trading versus open outcry," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 381-396.
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- Ulibarri, Carlos A., 1998. "Is after-hours trading informative?," MPRA Paper 14818, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Asani Sarkar & Michelle Tozzi, 1998. "Electronic trading on futures exchanges," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 4(Jan).
- Ian Domowitz, 1992. "Automating the Price Discovery Process; Some International Comparisons and Regulatory Implications," IMF Working Papers 92/80, International Monetary Fund.
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