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Armenia’s trade performance in 1995-2002 and the effect of closed borders: a cross-country perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Freinkman, Lev
  • Polyakov, Evgeny
  • Revenco, Carolina

Abstract

The paper deals with two issues. First, it focuses on the analysis of Armenia’s trade performance based on the utilization of standard statistical models and develops comparative estimates of this performance relative to the peer countries. The comparison is undertaken in terms of trade openness, diversification, and composition. The main finding is that Armenia has been lagging in its export development relative to most CIS countries. The recent improvements in exports helped somewhat to reduce the gap. The second part of the paper provides for re-estimation of the “costs of blockade” effect. Armenia’s trade under-performance cannot be explained in terms of distorted government policies, because Armenia is recognized as a reform leader in the CIS.

Suggested Citation

  • Freinkman, Lev & Polyakov, Evgeny & Revenco, Carolina, 2003. "Armenia’s trade performance in 1995-2002 and the effect of closed borders: a cross-country perspective," MPRA Paper 10065, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10065
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/10065/1/MPRA_paper_10065.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:wsi:wschap:9789813108448_0012 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1997. "Regional Trading Blocs in the World Economic System," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 72.
    3. K. Smarzynska, Beata, 2001. "Does Relative Location Matter for Bilateral Trade Flows? An Extension of the Gravity Model," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 16, pages 379-398.
    4. Dani Rodrik, 1998. "Trade Policy and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa," NBER Working Papers 6562, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. World Bank, 2003. "Armenia : Public Expenditure Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13926, The World Bank.
    6. David G. Tarr, 2017. "The Terms-of-Trade Effects of Moving to World Prices on Countries of the Former Soviet Union," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Trade Policies for Development and Transition, chapter 12, pages 271-294 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    7. Djankov, Simeon & Freund, Caroline, 2002. "Trade Flows in the Former Soviet Union, 1987 to 1996," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 76-90, March.
    8. Polyakov, Evgeny, 2001. "Changing trade patterns after conflict resolution in the South Caucasus," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2593, The World Bank.
    9. Avanesyan, Vahram & Freinkman, Lev, 2002. "Costing-out the Big Bang: Impact of external shocks on the Armenian economy at the outset of transition," MPRA Paper 10012, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. International Monetary Fund, 2005. "Sri Lanka; Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix," IMF Staff Country Reports 05/337, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Hayrapetyan Grigor & Hayrapetyan Viktoriya, 2011. "Regional and international trade of Armenia: Perspectives and potentials," EERC Working Paper Series 11/14e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    3. Maryanchyk Ivan, 2005. "Ukrainian international trade: How far from the potential?," EERC Working Paper Series 05-14e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Armenia; trade; costs of blockade; gravity model; trade openness;

    JEL classification:

    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions

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