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Factors Determining Public Demand for Safe Drinking Water (A Case Study of District Peshawar)

Author

Listed:
  • Iftikhar Ahmad

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Miraj ul Haq

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Abdul Sattar

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

Abstract

Overtime per capita water availability in the world as well as in Pakistan has been declining. Water sources have depleted and become polluted therefore, now water has become a scarce good. Resultantly, the inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene are rooting major environmental degradation and health damages in the country. This study was undertaken to analyze the magnitude of awareness, perception, practices, and demand for safe drinking water. The study further elaborated HHs Willingness to Pay (WTP) for improved water quality and services in district Peshawar of NWFP, Pakistan. Primary data was collected from 315 HHs which consist 2455 HH members from district Peshawar. Schooling, exposure to mass media, HH income and occurrence of diarrhoeal diseases were used to measure the HHs’ response towards the health risks associated with contaminated water. Moreover, to find out public acceptability to government and private sector as service providers, HH’s were asked two separate questions regarding their maximum willingness to pay for an improved water system by either one. Out of the sample HHs, 78.4 percent were willing to accept improved water system provided by government while relatively less HHs (55.6 percent) were WTP in the case of private company as the service provider. It is worth mentioning that according to sample about 76 percent HHs were not using any method for water purification at their homes in district Peshawar. This study empirically proved that the role of awareness besides the income constraint is the key determinants of demand for safe drinking water.

Suggested Citation

  • Iftikhar Ahmad & Miraj ul Haq & Abdul Sattar, 2010. "Factors Determining Public Demand for Safe Drinking Water (A Case Study of District Peshawar)," PIDE-Working Papers 2010:58, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:wpaper:2010:58
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hazrat Yousaf & Parvez Ahmed & Syed Ammad Ali, 2020. "Determinants of Households’ Budget Allocation to Water Consumption: Evidence from Urban Pakistan," South Asia Economic Journal, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka, vol. 21(2), pages 281-294, September.
    2. Junaid Alam Memon & Junaid Ishaq & Fateh Muhammad Mari, 2020. "Public Demand for Improved Urban Water Supply Services in Multan," IBT Journal of Business Studies (JBS), Ilma University, Faculty of Management Science, vol. 16(1), pages 171-192.
    3. Totouom Fotue Luc Armand & Sostaine Romuald Foueka Tagne & Jonas Ngouhouo Poufoun, 2018. "Demand For Improved Water Quality: An Analysis of Averting Actions by Cameroonian Households," Working Papers 345, African Economic Research Consortium, Research Department.
    4. Abid Anwar & Mussawar Shah & Yasrab Abid & Zia Ul Qamar & Hina Qamar, 2018. "Consumer Importance on Sustainable Water Sanitation & Hygiene Facilities Provided in Rural District Peshawar, Pakistan," Journal of Social Science Studies, Macrothink Institute, vol. 5(1), pages 316-328, January.
    5. Mahanta, Ratul & Chowdhury, Jayashree & Nath, Hiranya K., 2016. "Health costs of arsenic contamination of drinking water in Assam, India," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 30-42.
    6. Junaid Alam Memon & Junaid Ishaq & Fateh Muhammad Mari, 2020. "Public Demand for Improved Urban Water Supply Services in Multan," IBT Journal of Business Studies (JBS), Ilma University, Faculty of Management Science, vol. 16(1), pages 16-12.
    7. Armand, Totouom Fotue Luc, 2016. "Determinants of household avoidance behavior to cope with unsafe drinking water: case study of Cameroon," 2016 Fifth International Conference, September 23-26, 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 249333, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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