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Household choices, circumstances and equity of access to basic health and education services in the Philippines

Author

Listed:
  • Joseph J. Capuno

    () (School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman)

  • Aleli D. Kraft

    () (School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman)

Abstract

In developing countries like the Philippines, a major policy concern is the inequity in access to health and education services. In this paper, we investigate the effects of factors over which households have control ("choices") or none ("circumstances") on their access to basic services. Our logit regression analyses of two nationwide household surveys reveal that household income and composition, mother's age and education status, and the child's age and gender are critical. The circumstance factors -- Philhealth coverage and some area-level characteristics of health and education services -- also matter in improving overall access, but not necessarily its equity.

Suggested Citation

  • Joseph J. Capuno & Aleli D. Kraft, 2010. "Household choices, circumstances and equity of access to basic health and education services in the Philippines," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201011, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:dpaper:201011
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    File URL: http://www.econ.upd.edu.ph/dp/index.php/dp/article/view/667/130
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Denis Cogneau & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2008. "Inequality of Opportunity for Income in Five Countries of Africa," Working Papers DT/2008/04, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    2. J. Estudillo & A. Quisumbing & K. Otsuka, 2001. "Gender Differences in Land Inheritance, Schooling and Lifetime Income: Evidence from the Rural Philippines," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(4), pages 23-48.
    3. Jonna P. Estudillo & JAgnes R. Quisumbing & JoKeijiro Otsuka, 2001. "Gender Differences in Land Inheritance and Schooling Investments in the Rural Philippines," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 77(1), pages 130-143.
    4. Joseph J. Capuno & Stella A. Quimbo & Carlos Antonio R. Tan Jr. & Aleli D. Kraft, 2009. "Household out-of-pocket health spending, health insurance coverage, and children’s school attendance in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 46(2), pages 155-181, December.
    5. Ronaldo D. Ico, 2008. "Catastrophic health care, poverty, and impoverishment in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 45(1), pages 109-126, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Households; equity; health; education; Philippines;

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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