Household choices, circumstances and equity of access to basic health and education services in the Philippines
In developing countries like the Philippines, a major policy concern is the inequity in access to health and education services. In this paper, we investigate the effects of factors over which households have control ("choices") or none ("circumstances") on their access to basic services. Our logit regression analyses of two nationwide household surveys reveal that household income and composition, mother's age and education status, and the child's age and gender are critical. The circumstance factors -- Philhealth coverage and some area-level characteristics of health and education services -- also matter in improving overall access, but not necessarily its equity.
|Date of creation:||Nov 2010|
|Publication status:||Published as UPSE Discussion Paper No. 2010-11, November 2010|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Diliman, Quezon City 1101|
Web page: http://www.econ.upd.edu.ph/
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- Denis Cogneau & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2008. "Inequality of Opportunity for Income in Five Countries of Africa," Working Papers DT/2008/04, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
- J. Estudillo & A. Quisumbing & K. Otsuka, 2001. "Gender Differences in Land Inheritance, Schooling and Lifetime Income: Evidence from the Rural Philippines," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(4), pages 23-48.
- Jonna P. Estudillo & JAgnes R. Quisumbing & JoKeijiro Otsuka, 2001. "Gender Differences in Land Inheritance and Schooling Investments in the Rural Philippines," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 77(1), pages 130-143.
- Joseph J. Capuno & Stella A. Quimbo & Carlos Antonio R. Tan Jr. & Aleli D. Kraft, 2009. "Household out-of-pocket health spending, health insurance coverage, and children’s school attendance in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 46(2), pages 155-181, December.
- Ronaldo D. Ico, 2008. "Catastrophic health care, poverty, and impoverishment in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 45(1), pages 109-126, June.
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